UN Establishes New Global Biodiversity Framework to Manage Nature Through 2030

The Secretariat of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has produced the first official draught of a new Global Biodiversity Framework to guide efforts globally to preserve and protect nature and its important services to humans until 2030. 

The framework includes 21 targets for 2030, including preserving at least 30% of global land and sea areas, particularly areas of particular importance for biodiversity and its contributions to people, through effective, equitably managed, ecologically representative, and well-connected protected area systems and other area-based conservation measures. 

The framework, which was presented on Monday, advocates for a 50% reduction in the rate of invasive alien species introduction, as well as controls or elimination of such species to remove or reduce their impacts. 

Reduce the number of nutrients and pesticides lost to the environment by at least half, and eliminate the discharge of plastic waste. 

It calls for nature-based contributions to global climate change mitigation efforts of at least 10 GtCO2e per year, as well as the avoidance of detrimental consequences on biodiversity in all mitigation and adaptation initiatives. 

Also, in a reasonable and equitable manner, redirecting, reusing, modifying, or eliminating damaging to biodiversity incentives, reducing them by at least $500 billion each year. An increase of $200 billion in international financial flows to poor countries from all sources. 

The Framework, which has been in the works for more than two years, will be refined further during online negotiations in late summer before being presented for consideration at the CBD’s next meeting of its 196 parties, COP-15 (the Conference of the Parties to the CBD), which will be held in Kunming, China, from October 11 to 24. 

The draught framework outlines four objectives to fulfil humanity’s goal of “living in peace with the environment” by 2050, as set out by the CBD’s 196 member parties in 2010. 

The framework intends to motivate governments and all sectors of society, particularly indigenous peoples and local communities, civil society, youth, corporations, and financial institutions, to take immediate and revolutionary action. It will primarily be implemented through national-level efforts, with sub-national, regional, and global-level initiatives supporting it. 

This is a global, outcome-oriented framework enabling the 196 Parties to the Convention to create national and regional goals and targets, revise national strategies and action plans as appropriate, and permit regular global monitoring and assessment of progress. 

Effective implementation, according to the draught Global Biodiversity Framework, necessitates mobilizing resources from both the public and private finance sectors, ongoing risk identification associated with biodiversity loss, capacity development, technical and scientific cooperation, technology transfer, and innovation. 

It also calls for stronger cooperation and integration with key multilateral environmental agreements and other relevant international initiatives, such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. 

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