UN calls for an emergency summit on Myanmar

The United Nations has called for an emergency summit regarding the situation in Myanmar.  The UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Tom Andrews, today warned that the pace and scope of the international response to the military coup in Myanmar is falling short of what is required to head off a deepening crisis.

Andrews called on UN Member States, including those in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the European Union, the United States and China, to hold an emergency summit of all stakeholders, including the duly elected illegally deposed parliamentarians who make up the Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (CRPH).

“Conditions in Myanmar are deteriorating,” he said, “but they will likely get much worse without an immediate robust, international response in support of those under siege.

“It is imperative that the international community heed the recent call of UN Secretary-General António Guterres for a ‘firm, unified international response’,” Andrews said. “To date, however, the limited sanctions imposed by Member States do not cut the junta’s access to revenue that help sustain its illegal activities, and the slow pace of diplomacy is out of step with the scale of the crisis.

“The incremental approach to sanctions has left the most lucrative business assets of the junta unscathed. It needs to be replaced by robust action that includes a diplomatic offensive designed to meet the moment.”

Andrews stressed that he is receiving reports indicating that the situation in Myanmar is in danger of spiralling further out of control and warned of a dramatic increase in loss of life.

“Without a focused, diplomatic solution, including the hosting of an emergency summit that brings together Myanmar’s neighbours and those countries with great influence in the region, I fear the situation of human rights in Myanmar will further deteriorate as the junta increases the rate of murders, enforced disappearances and torture,” he said.

“It is critical that the people of Myanmar, the CRPH, and opposition leaders and activists see that the international community is working towards a diplomatic solution in support of the peaceful Civil Disobedience Movement. This combined course of action — domestic peaceful resistance, sustained pressure, and international diplomatic momentum — will have a greater chance for success than taking up arms and will save untold numbers of lives.

“Member States have an opportunity to demonstrate this alternative, but the window in which this can be achieved is closing rapidly. I fear that the international community has only a short time remaining to act.”  

Meanwhile, the crisis continues to impact Myanmar’s most vulnerable, including migrants.

According to the UN’s International Organization for Migration (IOM), the martial law imposed in Yangon townships forced thousands of migrants to return to their places of origin, many with little savings to sustain themselves and their families.

The decree was imposed in the Hlaing Tharyar township on 15 March, following a violent crackdown by security forces, after unknown actors set fire to factories that were either operated or part-owned by Chinese investors.

“IOM estimates that approximately 100,000 migrants have returned to their communities of origin, mainly Rakhine state and Ayeyarwady region, in search of safety and security”, Farhan Haq, UN spokesperson said on Wednesday, citing reports from the agency.

“They are returning to communities already in distress due to the impacts of the military takeover, including the suspension of banking services and scarcity of food. Having left rapidly and using up their limited savings, many migrants cannot meet basic needs, including food and water”, he added.

Photo Credit : https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Protest_against_military_coup_(9_Feb_2021,Hpa-An,_Kayin_State,_Myanmar)(9).jpg