The recommendation, which was made in a private meeting by acclamation, now moves to the 193-member General Assembly for formal ratification.
Following the submission of the Security Council’s recommendation to the General Assembly, a draught resolution is issued for the Assembly’s consideration. The Assembly President sets a date for the proposal to be taken up after appropriate consultations with the Member States.
In March, Mr. Guterres sent out his vision statement for a second five-year term, and in early May, he participated in an informal interactive forum at UN Headquarters.
The informal dialogues were introduced during the UN General Assembly’s most recent selection process with the goal of allowing candidates to present their views and field questions from a wide range of global community representatives, including civil society, thereby establishing a new standard of transparency. The Assembly has appointed the Secretaries-General for the last six sessions through a resolution adopted by consensus.
A vote will only take place if a Member State asks it, and the Assembly must pass the resolution with a simple majority of those voting. However, the Assembly may decide that a two-thirds majority is required. A secret ballot will be used if a vote is taken.
Aside from Article 97, which states that the candidate “shall be appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council,” the UN Charter, which was ratified in 1945 as the Organization’s founding, specifies little about how a Secretary-General is chosen. The General Assembly was far more involved in the selection process at its first session in 1946.
It passed resolution A/RES/1/11, which mandated that the Council lead the selection process, agree on a single name in a secret meeting, and submit the name to the General Assembly for a vote.