Strengthening and Democratising United Nations to promote international harmony

The world today is still far from being a peaceful, just and secure place with brewing disputes, brutal and vicious conflicts, belligerence and foreign occupation, interfering in the internal affairs of States, policies of domination and supremacy, ethnic discord, religious fanaticism, xenophobia, chauvinism, racial intolerance along with every day emerging new forms of discrimination, narrowly conceived nationalism among other things are chief and precarious obstacles to pleasant coexistence among States and the populace and have even led to the degeneration of States and societies. Non-aligned movement which was framed in opposition to the Cold War era and its legacies which perpetrated s foreign occupation, foreign military bases, use or threat or force, pressure, intrusion in internal affairs and sanctions incompatible international laws, still form as main alarming factor to establishing equitable and impartial international relations in compliance with the strong desire of the overwhelming majority of governments and populace. It is such practices which NAM emphasises the need to continue to consolidate efforts for the removal of such legacies.

It is in this interest of peace and harmony NAM feels the need for upholding, strengthening, revitalising, restructuring and further democratising United Nations which plays a vital role in maintenance of international peace and security. It reaffirms that all nations have the absolute and immutable right to liberally set up their own political and economic systems also take measures to defend and preserve their security on the basis of the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, as well as reverence for the principles of national independence, territorial unity and veracity, self-determination and non-intervention in the internal affairs of others.
It highlights the need to safeguard and uphold the principles and purposes of the UN Charter and General Assembly mandates simultaneously with the requirement to maintain under secure inter-governmental error and reassess all proposals still to be enforced along with incessant review of those which have been and are being implemented.

It welcomes all resolutions adopted and aimed at underpinning and revitalising the position of the General Assembly, as the utmost deliberative and decision-making organ of the UN in which all Member States uniformly partake, in particular those related to the deliberation by the General Assembly of the information of other major organs, especially the report of the Security Council and the report of the Secretary-General on the vocation of the Organisation. It emphasises the significance of ensuring that the function of the Security Council adjust and adopt to its mandate as defined in the United Nations Charter, so that there is no infringement on the authority and the privileges of the General Assembly and its auxiliary bodies.

Eventually, the accomplishment of the reorganization and restructuring of the UN can only be evaluated in terms of the actual developments in its performance and the constructive impact it has on the lives of the populace of the developing countries.
However, it stresses that any additional efforts concerning UN reforms should centre its need on corroborating the position and task of the Organisation in encouraging international co-operation for development.

NAM more importantly recalls that the infliction of sanctions is an issue of serious concern for Non-Aligned Countries. It urges the UN to be more democratic and reaffirms that the imposition of sanctions in accordance with the Charter should be considered only after all means of nonviolent resolution of disputes under Chapter VI of the Charter have been worn out and a systematic deliberation undertaken of the short and long-term effects of such sanctions. It states that sanctions are a blunt instrument, the use of which raises fundamental ethical questions of whether sufferings inflicted on vulnerable groups in the target country are legitimate means of exerting pressure.

The objectives of sanctions are not to punish or otherwise exact retribution. Thereby, reiterating that the purpose of sanctions and regimes should be evidently defined. They should be lifted as soon as the objectives and purposes are achieved. They should be imposed for a particular time-frame and be based on reasonable legal grounds. The conditions needed of the nation or party on which sanctions are imposed should be clearly defined and should be made subject to intervallic assessment. Also attempts to enforce or to extend the application of sanctions to attain political ends should be rejected.

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