Russia has increased its hydrogen ambitions by releasing a draft concept for the industry’s development, as it aims to become one of the main exporters of the fuel to Europe and the Asia Pacific.
The draft concept identified the aims, strategic ambitions, and important steps to launch Russia’s hydrogen sector, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin stated in a statement this week.
The development of new production facilities, as well as the creation of high-tech jobs and the export of products and technologies, would help hydrogen energy lessen the danger of losing energy markets and assist economic growth.
Between now and 2050, Russia’s hydrogen industry will be built up in stages, according to the draft policy.
The first stage will take place over the next 3.5 years and will include the formation of specialized clusters as well as the implementation of pilot projects for hydrogen production, export, and domestic usage.
The pilot projects in this stage will most likely focus on the production of blue hydrogen, which will be made possible by combining Russia’s massive gas reserves with carbon capture and storage technology.
In the first phase, the draught concept includes specifies prospective pilot projects using electrolysis driven by various types of “low-carbon” generation.
As part of the industry’s expansion, Russia plans to establish at least three hydrogen clusters, including one in the country’s northwestern region that will focus on exports to European Union countries while also lowering the carbon footprint of other export products.
Exports to Asia and the development of hydrogen infrastructure for transportation and energy will be the emphasis of an eastern cluster.
The establishment of low-carbon power supply systems for regions in Russia’s Arctic zone will be the subject of a third cluster, termed the Arctic cluster.
Between 2025 and 2035, the second phase of Russia’s hydrogen development plans will see the launch of Russia’s first commercial-scale hydrogen projects, with the goal of exporting up to 2 million tonnes of hydrogen per year.
The second stage will likewise concentrate on the widespread adoption of hydrogen technology across the Russian economy, from petrochemistry to housing and utilities.
By 2050, the third stage of Russia’s hydrogen strategy may see the country’s hydrogen exports reach 15 million tpa.
It will also aim to become one of the largest suppliers of hydrogen to countries in the Asia Pacific and the European Union during the third stage.
Russia also expects widespread commercial deployment of hydrogen technology in the domains of transportation, energy, and industry during the third stage, which is set to begin in 2036.