On September 10, Russia’s state-controlled gas company announced that the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline to Germany, a contentious project opposed by Ukraine and the United States, had been completed.
The Nord Stream 2 project was completed on Friday morning. Nord Stream 2, sponsored by other European companies and owned by Gazprom, is being built beneath the Baltic Sea, bypassing Poland and Ukraine, sparking objections in both countries.
Ukraine’s President, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, sees the new pipeline as a powerful geopolitical weapon for Russia, which annexed Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula in 2014 after the fall of the former Kremlin-friendly president and has sponsored a separatist conflict in eastern Ukraine.
Washington has been a vocal opponent of Nord Stream 2, but the Biden administration has opted to penalize Russian firms and ships while not penalizing the German company in charge of the project.
In July, the US and Germany reached an agreement that would allow Nord Stream 2 to be completed without US penalties being imposed on German companies.
Under the terms of the July 21 agreement, the US and Germany pledged to reject any attempt by Russia to use the Nord Stream 2 pipeline as a political weapon.
They also decided to offer Ukraine and Poland with financial aid in the form of alternative energy and development projects.