Non – Alignment Movement’s concern over HIV/AIDS

AIDS is a disease which has been, and continues to be, priarily a sexually transmitted disease (STD) spread through unprotected sex between heterosexual men and women. It is shortening the life ex-pectancy of working-age adults, dramatically increasing the number of infant and child deaths, shrinking the workforce, creating millions of orphans, widening the gap between rich and poor countries, and reversing developmental gains. Currently, the areas most affected by AIDS comprise the developing countries of Asia, Africa, and South America. Organisations such as the World Health Organisation (WHO); and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) deliver a range of education, prevention and treatment initiatives, but the epidemic continues to grow further.
NAM as the largest voice of the developing world has taken magnitude of the problems of AIDS. NAM leadership has recognized that the spread of HIV/AIDS constitutes a global emergency and poses one of the most formidable challenges to the development, progress and stability of their respective societies and the world at large, and requires an exceptional and comprehensive global response.
In the Tehran Summit of the Non – Aligned Movement in 2012, NAM took note of the adoption by the High-Level Meeting on HIV/AIDS of the United Nations General Assembly on 11 June 2011 of the political declaration on HIV and AIDs and reaffirmed the movement’s commitment to the implementation of the Political Declarations on HIV/AIDs of2006 and 2001.
The movement also called on Member States of the United Nations to significantly scale up their efforts towards the goal of universal access to comprehensive prevention programmes, treatment, care and support, and toward s halting and reversing the spread of the pandemic by 2015, and further called upon all States, especially developed countries to implement fully these commitments. The movement urged international organizations, non- governmental organizations and the business sector to support national efforts and priorities.
NAM has acknowledged HIV/AIDS as a cross-cutting issue impacting on sustainable development and expressed its strong concern over calls to have the pandemic discussed in the context of the UN Security Council. The movement has called on Member States of the UN to resist the mainstreaming of HIV/AIDS into Security Council discussions and to promote the enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedom for people living with HIV/AIDS.
Many countries in Asia, Africa and South America have implemented the NAM’s vision in combating the menace of AID. Strong leadership, collaborative partnership, results-based funding, and balanced prevention, treatment, and care are said to be critical success factors in the fight against HIV/AIDS For example, in Africa, Rwanda is fighting AIDS with the help of UNDP. South Africa has implemented programmes receiving aid from European Union to fight against HIV/AIDS. In Asia, East Timor, the smallest and least developed NAM member country, also sought help to fight this problem.
Amongst the countries of South America, Brazil stands as a role model. The Braziilian government with constant pressure from civil society and non-governmental organizations sought to address the epidemic comprehensively.
To do that, Brazil’s Ministry of Health established the National AIDS Program (NAP) that took on the task of dealing with this health crisis.8 The insistence on health as a universal human right is considered to be the single most important characteristic of the Brazilian fight against HIV/AID
In India, the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) is the body responsible for formulating policy and implementing programmes for the prevention and control of the HIV epidemic in India. In 1992, India’s first National AIDS Control Programme, NACP-I (1992-1999) was launched with NACO responsible for its delivery. NACP-II (1999-2006) oversaw the formation of a National Council on AIDS mainstreaming HIV and AIDS as a development issue as opposed to a public health one. NACP-III (2007-2012) focussed on targeted interventions to dramatically increase coverage among high-risk groups.
The current programme, NACP-IV (2012-2017), aims to reduce annual new HIV infections by 50 percent through the provision of comprehensive HIV treatment, education, care and support for the general population and build on targeted interventions for key affected groups and those at a high risk of HIV transmission. India has also used extensive and ever increasing sources of HIV related data to plan programmes and monitor the impact of HIV prevention and care interventions. Ultimately, what we have learned from the HIV/AIDS epidemic is that there is no universally applicable way to deal with it, because the way a nation must respond is dependent on its unique internal substance. In essence, there is no one-size-fits all model. However, this does not mean that South- South cooperation is futile. Apart from assistance from other multilateral bodies and non state actors, the developing nation must devise ways of extending cooperation and NAM is the ideal umbrella to achieve this.

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