Resolution 2231 (2015) adopted by the United Nations Security Council at its 7488th meeting, on 20 July 2015 reaffirms the UNSC’s commitment to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the need for all States Party to that Treaty to comply fully with their obligations, and recalls the right of States Party, in conformity with Articles I and II of the Treaty, to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination. The resolution further emphasises the importance of political and diplomatic efforts to find a negotiated solution guaranteeing that Iran’s nuclear programme is exclusively for peaceful purposes, and noting that such a solution would benefit nuclear non-proliferation. The resolution strongly supports the role of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and its role in implementation of a the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) concluded on 14 July 2015.
The 120 member Non-Aligned Movement has unanimously announced support for Iran’s wholly peaceful nuclear energy programme. The statement by H.E. Ambassador Reza Najafi, the Permanent/Resident Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Chair of the Vienna Chapter of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), before Special Meeting of the IAEA Board of Governors in Vienna, 15 December 2015 mentioned that NAM welcomed the Security Council resolution 2231 (2015), adopted in July 2015, which includes terms providing for the termination of the provisions of the relevant Security Council resolutions., and at the same time, NAM expects the Board of Governors to consider parallel action in regard to its relevant resolutions accordingly. The movement also welcomed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) agreed between the Islamic Republic of Iran and EU3+3 in Vienna on 14 July 2015 and believed that it would contribute to a peaceful solution to Iran’s nuclear issue.
NAM fully supports Iran’s stand that the adoption of resolution 2231 represents a fundamental shift in the consideration of Iran’s peaceful nuclear program in the Council and a departure from the path travelled during the preceding years towards ending an unnecessary crisis. According to Resolution 2231 has already encouraged, in its preambular paragraph, “Member States to cooperate, including through IAEA involvement, with Iran in the framework of the JCPOA in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to engage in mutually determined civil nuclear cooperation projects, in accordance with Annex III of the JCPOA.” Accordingly, an overwhelming majority of Member states have already expressed their desire to cooperate with Iran in a wide range of economic and development areas.
On March 1, 2016, the statement by H.E. Mr. Gholam Hossein Dehghani, Ambassador and Charge d’Affaires of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations on the open briefing on the issues related to the implementation of resolution 2231 mentioned that the adoption of resolution 2231 represents a fundamental shift in the consideration of Iran’s peaceful nuclear program in the Council and a departure from the path travelled during the preceding years towards ending an unnecessary crisis. Mr Delaine called for a greater role of Security Council Affairs Division (SCAD), and its role to generate trust among all member states and their businesses in a way to encourage them to join the implementation process of the JCPOA, and thwart any hesitation about the way the sensitive information they provide would be handled.
Resolution 2231 and the adjoining JCOPA appear to represent a major success of international diplomacy, as well as a significant achievement of international law in facilitating the implementation of the diplomatic accord. Thus, NAM notes the importance of all relevant participants faithfully honouring their relevant undertakings and respective commitments under the JCPOA. The movement believes that the proposed solution to the Iran nuclear issue through UNSC resolution 2231 is undoubtedly in the interests of strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime in its entirety, since it includes and recognizes Iran’s right to develop nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, including conducting uranium enrichment activities and research and development on its territory.