Non – Aligned Movement’s Principled Position on Human Rights

Since its inception, the Non – Aligned Movement has attached significant importance to the promotion and protection of human rights, and protection of fundamental freedom for all, in accordance with the UN Charter, other core International Human Rights instruments, as appropriate, and international law. The first of the 10 principles of the Bandung declaration pertained to respect of fundamental human rights and of the objectives and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. For decades, one of the primary objectives of NAM has been to encourage the respect, enjoyment and protection of all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, on the basis of the principles of universality, objectivity, impartiality and non-selectivity, avoiding politicization of human rights issues, thus ensuring that all human rights of individuals and peoples, including the right to development, are promoted and protected in a balanced manner.
The movement has reaffirmed that all human rights, including the right to development, are universal, inalienable, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated, and that human rights issues must be addressed within the global context through a constructive, non-confrontational, non-politicized and non-selective dialogue -based approach, in a fair and equal manner, with objectivity, respect for national sovereignty and territorial integrity, non- interference in the internal affairs of States, impartiality, non- selectivity and transparency as the guiding principles, taking into account the political, historical, social, religious and cultural particularities of each country.
In this regard, they reiterated the Movement’s dismay and unequivocal condemnation of gross and systematic violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms and situations that constitute serious obstacles to their full enjoyment, as well as violent acts and activities that infringe upon their full enjoyment. The movement accepts the universality of human rights and social justice, but fiercely resists cultural homogenisation.[ci In line with its views on sovereignty, the organization has always stood for the protection of cultural diversity, and the tolerance of the religious, socio-cultural, and historical particularities that define human rights in a specific region. In September 2014, at the Human Rights Council in Geneva, Iran, speaking on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, said that the international community should support the promotion of democracy in all parts of the world and reaffirmed that all human rights including the right to development must be addressed in an independent, impartial and non-selective manner. The Non-Aligned Movement reaffirmed the need to ensure that human rights were not used for politically motivated decisions and expressed concern about the continuation of selective passing of country-specific resolutions by the Human Rights Council.
The Non – Aligned movement has time and again reaffirmed its opposition to all unilateral coercive measures, including those measures used as tools for political or economic and financial pressure against any country, in particular against developing countries. The movement has reaffirmed that under no circumstances should people be deprived of their own means of subsistence and development. To this end, NAM leaders are currently contemplating establishment of an appropriate special procedure mandate- holder of the Human Rights Council to monitor various aspects relating to the impact of the application of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights by the affected populations of targeted States.
NAM has always stood for the principle of protection of human rights as enshrined in the United Nations charter and treaties. As such, successive NAM summits and ministerial meetings have pledged to offer their full support to the UN mechanism for the protection of human rights. In the 2012 NAM Summit held at Tehran, NAM welcomed the adoption by the General Assembly of Resolution 66/254 on 23 February 2012 establishing an open ended intergovernmental process of the General Assembly on strengthening and enhancing the effective functioning of the human rights treaty body system in New York and took note of the conclusion of the process through the adoption of the GA resolution 68/268. It may be noted here that two of NAM’s member Tunisia and Indonesia have been the major facilitators of the process.
NAM has always stood for increasing representation of the developing world in various multilateral forums that monitor human rights across the globe. As such, the NAM leaders have expressed concern at the non-representation and under-representation of Non-Aligned Countries in the staffing of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), bearing in mind the fundamental importance of the need to adhere to the principle of equitable geographical distribution. The movement has affirmed the importance of pursuing convergence between peoples and nations within a framework of tolerance and acceptance of the other, and dealing with all the civil, political, economic, social, and cultural human rights, and right to development in a balanced manner, as well as acknowledging that the universality of human rights should not ignore the cultural particularities of various communities.

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