“Hunger is not an issue of charity. It is an issue of justice.” – Jacques Diouf
The need for NAM back then during Cold War ushered in with factions dividing the world into two grabbing for power creating a vacuum between US led West and Soviet Union leading the East turning other nations as mere pawns to their own game of power and authority on the global chessboard.
However, NAM came into existence bringing a balanced outlook and catering and protecting also while strengthening the developing countries. But in the present where the relevance of NAM has been questioned again and again Non-Aligned Movement has a very relevant and vital part to play with certain important issues facing the Southern countries on the globe. Of all poverty, illiteracy and space and hunger management rank at the top.
In the 1994 Cartagena summit, the member nations of NAM clearly stated that from now on, the economic development of the countries will be given topmost priority and certain steps will be taken to resolve the financial crisis of these countries. In this regard, NAM stressed the strengthening of the “United Nation’s capacity and effectiveness in the field of development”.
In the Cartegena summit, it has been stated that, although the general economic situation has recovered distinctly, in many cases, this development has benefited only a few who have accumulated unnecessary amounts of wealth and power, while unemployment, in various regions, has reached to an alarming magnitude and poverty is spreading inexorably, giving rise to grim social imbalances.
The curse of hunger continues to terrorize and has dramatically increased and illiteracy continues, however, to be one of the greatest obstacles to the efforts to improve the living conditions of our peoples. Moreover, wide sectors of our societies continue to lack basic medical services, including drinking water, to satisfy their primary needs for survival. The Non-Aligned Movement continues to strive for peace, independence, sovereign equality of the States and non-intervention in their internal affairs, which some are now trying to disregard. At the same time will continue unflinchingly to work towards the economic and social betterment, the strengthening of democracy and the free determination of the peoples.
This summit made it clear that from now on NAM will work to:
1. “to promote the restructuring, revitalization and democratization of the United Nations based on the principles contained in its Charter, as well as the restructuring of the international financial system, including the Bretton Woods institutions, all in basis of the principle of sovereign equality of States.”
2. “We consider essential the complete fulfilment of commitments agreed upon at the Children’s Summit at New York, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development at Rio De Janeiro, the World Assembly of the Group of Education for All at Jon-Tien, the World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, the International Conference on Population and Development at Cairo, the World Summit on Social Development at Copenhagen, and the IV World Conference on Women in Beijing, as well as those agreed on at the Uruguay Round.”
3. “We shall persevere in our call for a once-and-for-all settlement of the debt problems of the developing countries, including, in particular, multilateral, and the cancellation of debt of the least developing countries.”
4. “Pursue reduction of military expenditures with the aim of devoting such resources towards the economic and social development of our peoples.”
5. “We commit ourselves to eradicate illiteracy and poverty.”
In addition, NAM has created three committees to resolve the issue of poverty and hunger, and to strengthen the economic condition of its member countries through co-operation, Standing Ministerial Committee for Economic Cooperation, High-Level Working Group for the Restructuring of the United Nations and Working Group on Human Rights.