Terrorism is one of the major threats against which States must protect their citizens. States have not only the right but also the duty to do so. But States must also take the greatest care to ensure that counter-terrorism measures do not mutate into measures used to cloak, or justify, violations of human rights. Terrorism has a nasty habit of causing the whole spectrum of opinion in a society to lurch in a repressive direction.
Non-Aligned Movement has rejected terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, as well as all acts, methods and practices of terrorism wherever, by whomever, against whomsoever committed, including those in which States are directly or indirectly involved, which are unjustifiable whatever the considerations or factors that may be invoked to justify them, and in this context, has reaffirmed its support for the provisions contained in General Assembly resolution 46/51 of 27 January 199 on measures to eliminate international terrorism.
The position of NAM on international terrorism was reiterated in the 70th session of the UN General Assembly held on 12 October 2015 by the Iranian Representative Gholamali Khoshroo, speaking for the Non-Aligned Movement.
The Iranian representative condemned and rejected terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including, among others, those in which States were directly or indirectly involved. H.E. Mr. Gholamali Khoshroo, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations to the Security Council Open Debate on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement on “Threats to International Peace and Security Caused by Terrorist Acts” on April 14, 2016. Mr Khusroo stated that the Non-Aligned Movement stringently condemned and rejected terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, as well as all acts, methods and practices of terrorism wherever, by whomever, against whomsoever committed, including those in which States are directly or indirectly involved, which are unjustifiable whatever the considerations or factors that may be invoked to justify them, and on behalf of NAM urged all States, consistent with the UN Charter, to fulfil their obligations under international law and international humanitarian law by combating terrorism, including by prosecuting or, where appropriate, extraditing the perpetrators of terrorist acts; by preventing the organization, instigation or financing of terrorist acts against other States from within or outside their territories or by organizations based in their territories; by refraining from organizing, instigating, assisting, financing or participating in terrorist acts in the territories of other States; by refraining from encouraging activities within their territories directed towards the commission of such acts; by refraining from allowing the use of their territories for planning, training or financing for such acts; or by refraining from supplying arms or other weapons that could be used for terrorist acts in other States. Non-Aligned Movement has urged all States, which have not yet done so, to consider to ratify or accede to international and UN conventions and protocols relating to combating terrorism and further reiterate the importance of the conclusion of a Comprehensive Convention for Combating International Terrorism and, in this respect, has highlighted the negotiations in the Ad Hoc Committee on Terrorism established by General Assembly Resolution 51/210 of 17 December 1996, for elaboration of a Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism that called upon all States to adopt further measures in accordance with the relevant provisions of international law, including international standards of human rights, to prevent terrorism and to strengthen international cooperation in combating terrorism.
NAM’s principled position on combating international terrorism stresses the need to respect international law, including the respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of all States and calls for multilateral cooperation, in conformity with the UN Charter, international law and the relevant international conventions, and under the UN auspices as the most effective means to combat international terrorism, The Movement has also made calls for an International Conference under the auspices of the UN to formulate a joint organized response of the international community to terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including identifying its root causes.