The Non- Aligned Movement is committed to establishing a peaceful international world order. One of the primary objectives of non-alignment is an emphasis on the rights of nations and materialization of peace and security through participation in resolving international issues. In this regards, NAM is committed to the various peacekeeping activities under the framework of the United Nations. In consonance with the relevance of the Movement’s principled positions concerning post-conflict Peacebuilding activities, the movement has reaffirmed its support and cooperation with the UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC).
The Peacebuilding Commission was established in December 2005 by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council acting concurrently. The PBC consists of a 31-member organizational committee including some from the Security Council and ECOSOC. The main objectives of the PBC outlined in the UN Security Council Resolution 1645 (2005) were to bring together all relevant actors to marshal resources and to advise on and propose integrated strategies for post-conflict Peacebuilding and recovery; to focus attention on the reconstruction and institution-building efforts necessary for recovery from conflict and to support the development of integrated strategies in order to lay the foundation for sustainable development; and to provide recommendations and information to improve the coordination of all relevant actors within and outside the United Nations, to develop best practices, to help to ensure predictable financing for early recovery activities and to extend the period of attention given by the international community to post- conflict recovery.
The Non-Aligned Movement has reaffirmed its commitment to an efficient and effective Peacebuilding Commission, which fully utilizes the advantages and benefits arising from the diversity of its composition. In the 2014 NAM Ministerial Summit held in Algiers, NAM leaders acknowledged the work undertaken by the Commission since it started its operations with respect to the six countries on its agenda, namely: Burundi, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, the Central African Republic, Guinea and Liberia. They also acknowledged the progress achieved so far, in the elaboration of the strategic frameworks for Peacebuilding, for these countries. NAM Caucus plays an important role within the Peacebuilding Commission. Tunisia is the current coordinator of NAM caucus in the PBC. The Caucus aims at coordinating positions of Non-Aligned countries in the Commission and to keep the Movement informed of the activities carried out by the Commission. NAM Causes has successfully worked towards the entrenchment of the principle of national ownership, the need for capacity building and drawing recognition to, and has also signaled the importance of the economic recovery and development dimension in the peace building process.
The Non-Aligned Movement has also called in for a closer coordination of PBM with UN bodies and has advocated the deepening of its relationship with the Assembly, the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council. In the 68th session General Assembly Plenary Session held in March 2014, Antonio de Aguiar Patriota (Brazil), Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission, said the crises in the Central African Republic and South Sudan were a reminder that Peacebuilding required careful examination of strategies and approaches to the security, political and socioeconomic dimensions of conflict. Although the Commission had increasingly added value in certain contexts, the process of sharpening its approach and tools was a work in progress. Mohamed Khaled Khiari (Tunisia), speaking on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, said that the Peace building Commission’s unique membership brought security and development actors together and was well placed to help create an environment of sustained attention and resource allocation in post-conflict situations. Moving forward, the Movement would support the Commission’s work with United Nations principal organs while stressing the importance of ensuring better coordination and prioritization of Peacebuilding and peacekeeping activities within mission mandates. The Tunisian representative further remarked that there was a need to promote the institutional relationship between the Peacebuilding Commission and the General Assembly, Security Council and the Economic and Social Council. It was also critically important to provide adequate and timely resources in order to ensure predictable financing for recovery activities and sustained medium- and long-term financial investment. There was a need to ensure the sustainability of funding for countries working with the Peacebuilding Commission, while expressing concern over the lack of coordination and coherence among financial donors. The Indian representative Mr. Ashok Kumar Mukherji remarked that Peacebuilding must also integrate indigenous and informal justice mechanisms into judicial reforms.
As one of the prominent members of the Non-Aligned country, India has been actively extending its cooperation to the peacekeeping activities of the United Nations. India has contributed more than 170,000 troops to 43 of the 68 UN peacekeeping missions since the inception of UN peacekeeping more than 60 years ago. India, will also serve on the organizational committee of the world body’s peace building commission for a period of two years. India along with Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nigeria and Pakistan will represent the troop-contributing country category on the Organizational Committee of the Peace building Commission for the period from January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2016.
In conclusion, it can be said that NAM member states have extended their full cooperation with any activity that falls under the ambit of peacekeeping and Peacebuilding and in this regards, the movement has stressed the need for integrated peace building strategies and programmes that are consistent and in line with host-country strategies and programmes to ensure national ownership.
By Dr. Ankit Srivastava, Editor