Non – Aligned Movement: Standing for the Rights of Migrants

International migration is a global phenomenon that is growing in scope, complexity and impact. Migration is both a cause and effect of broader development processes and an intrinsic feature of our ever globalizing world. While no substitute for development, migration can be a positive force for development when supported by the right set of policies. The rise in global mobility, the growing complexity of migratory patterns and its impact on countries, migrants, families and communities have all contributed to international migration becoming a priority for the international community. Since 1990, South-North migration has been the main driver of global migration trends. From 1999 -2013, Fifty-four per cent of the growth in the number of international migrants was attributable to growth in South-North migration.
However, migrants especially from the global South face a host of contentious issues in the country of migration on account of political, economic, as well as social factors. As the largest collective voice of the Global South, the Non Aligned Movement has taken cognizance of the problems of exclusion and discrimination faced by migrants from the global South in developing countries. The Non-Aligned Movement has reiterated the responsibility of Governments, at all levels, to safeguard and protect the rights of migrants in accordance with international and domestic laws, including applying and where needed reinforcing existing laws against all illegal or violent acts; in particular acts of and incitement to ethnic, racial, sex and religious discrimination as well as crimes perpetrated with racist or xenophobic motivation by individuals or groups against migrants, especially in the context of the global economic crisis that increases the vulnerability of migrants in host countries.
NAM has urged all states to protect the right of immigrants under the framework adopted by Universal Declaration of Human Rights as well as with obligations and commitments under all relevant international instruments to which they are party. It may be mentioned here that Article 13 of the (Universal Declaration of Human Rights) guarantees the right of emigration covering not only immigrants, refugees and asylum seekers, but also internally displaced persons, economic migrants or even students. Therefore, it can be asserted that the Non Aligned Movement has constantly recognized the relationship between international migration, the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms of migrants and development within the framework of international law.
NAM has expressed concern at the legislation adopted by some States that results in measures and practices, that may restrict the human rights and fundamental freedoms of migrants and reaffirmed that, when exercising their sovereign right to enact and implement migratory and border security measures, States have the duty to comply with their obligations under international law, including international human rights law, in order to ensure full respect for the human rights of migrants. In this regard, NAM has also acknowledged that special measures in the treatment of migrants should be implemented specially in the cases of the elderly, women and children. Furthermore, NAM acknowledges the need for increasing cooperation and partnership between North and South for the protection of migrants, and enhancing their contribution in achieving development. NAM has called for the need for countries of destination of migrants to adopt policies to reduce the cost of transferring migrants’ remittances to developing countries without any bias or discrimination.
The movement has also underlined the complex and varied root causes of migration through addressing the development dimension in international migration policies. As such, NAM has also taken cognizance of the issue of South – South migration and has taken note of the initiatives undertaken by Member States, relevant regional and international inter-governmental organizations at the regional and international levels to promote dialogue and cooperation on international migration and development, including their contribution to comprehensively address international migration.
The Non-Aligned Movement recognizes the critical linkages between migration and development and therefore addresses the issue of international migration and development, with a view to integrating migration issues, in a more coherent and comprehensive way, within the broader context of the implementation of internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goal.

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