Non- Aligned Movement standing firm against Slavery

Slavery is not an issue confined to history or an issue that only exists in certain countries – it is something that is still happening today. There are tens of millions of people trapped in various forms of slavery throughout the world today. Researchers estimate that 21 to 36 million are enslaved worldwide, generating $150 billion each year in illicit profits for traffickers. Modern day slavery takes the form of labour Slavery, sex slavery, and child slavery. About 78 percent toil in forced labor slavery in industries where manual labor is needed—such as farming, ranching, logging, mining, fishing, and brick making—and in service industries working as dish washers, janitors, gardeners, and maids. About 22 percent are trapped in forced prostitution sex slavery and about 26 percent of today’s slaves are children.
Slavery is prohibited under the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states: “No one shall be held in slavery or servitude: slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.” As one of most firm voices standing for the safeguarding of human rights in the international order, the Non –Aligned Movement has expressed grave concern at the negative effects on human rights and development posed by contemporary forms of slavery and trafficking in persons and at the increasing exposure of States to such crimes. The movement has reaffirmed the need to collectively to combat contemporary forms of slavery and trafficking in person.
NAM leaders have constantly reminded the international community that legacies of slavery, slave trade, colonialism, foreign occupation, alien domination, genocide and other forms of servitude have manifested themselves in poverty, underdevelopment, marginalization, social exclusion and economic disparities for the developing world. As part of this ideology, NAM has welcomed the adoption by the General Assembly of resolution 65/239 which states to educate future generations about the causes, consequences, lessons and legacy of the transatlantic slave trade and to communicate the dangers of racism and prejudice, and encourages continued action in this regard.
The movement has recalled the designating 25 March as the annual International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade. NAM reaffirms the importance of the programme of educational outreach on the transatlantic slave trade and slavery, relating to the diverse educational outreach strategy to increase awareness of and to educate future generations about the causes, consequences, lessons and legacy of the transatlantic slave trade. The movement has endorsed and supported the ongoing efforts towards the erection of a Permanent Memorial to the victims of slavery and the trans-Atlantic slave trade, to be prominently placed at the United Nations Headquarters.
NAM has also welcomed the establishment of a fund for this purpose, and expressed appreciation to those of its members that have already made contributions towards it and encouraged others to follow suit.
NAM has supported various endeavours by the United Nations to combat the problem of slavery and human trafficking. At the Algiers Ministerial meeting of NAM in 2014, the leaders emphasized that the creation and work of the United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, established in 2010 in compliance with the Global Plan of Action, significantly contributed to raising awareness of the situation of victims of human trafficking and providing them with humanitarian, legal and financial aid through established channels of assistance such as governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations. In this regard, NAM leaders encouraged all States, civil society, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector as well as to the United Nations Trust Fund on Contemporary Forms of Slavery. NAM recognizes that slavery and trafficking in persons continues to pose a serious challenge to humanity and requires a concerted international response. To that end, the movement has urged all States to devise, enforce and strengthen effective measures to combat and eliminate all forms of slavery and trafficking in persons to counter demand for trafficked victims and to protect the victims and to bring perpetrators to justice.

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