Non – Aligned Movement (NAM) on Nuclear Weapon free zones

Non Aligned Movement (NAM) was founded after the collapse of colonial rule in 1961. The primary objectives of NAM focused on self determination, national independence and avoiding surrender to influential games of super powers. Other important objectives worth mentioning were opposition to apartheid; non-adherence to multilateral military pacts and the independence of non-aligned countries from great power or block influences and rivalries; the struggle against imperialism in all its forms and manifestations; the struggle against colonialism, neocolonialism, racism, foreign occupation and domination; disarmament; non-interference into the internal affairs of States and peaceful coexistence among all nations; rejection of the use or threat of use of force in international relations; the strengthening of the United Nations; the democratization of international relations; socioeconomic development and the restructuring of the international economic system; as well as the international cooperation on an equal footing.
The world was undergoing a period of cold tensions of nuclear conflicts to establish superiority amongst the world powers. To eliminate the possibilities of nuclear holocaust; the Non Proliferation Treaty was signed by countries. NAM advocated the ideology of nuclear disarmament and issues related to nuclear weapons. Considering the present scenario in world politics need for Nuclear Weapons Free Zones is felt by the member countries in the world.
The crucial goal of a Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (NWFZ) is to institute the abolishment of nuclear weapons in a certain geographical sphere; an essential issue to be promoted is the elimination of the danger of being involved in a nuclear war. The establishment NWFZ is to promote security in the area by making an agreement neither to manufacture nuclear weapons of their own nor to host any nuclear weapons of others.
It is an important initiative to avoid future nuclear holocaust, the process was initiated by signing treaties under various continental regions:
Treaty of Tlatelolco — Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
Treaty of Rarotonga — South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty
Treaty of Bangkok — Treaty on the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone
Treaty of Pelindaba — African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty
Treaty on a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia
Antarctic Treaty
Outer Space Treaty — Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
The seabed treaty.
These treaties ensure that these regions have nuclear disarmament and not regions prone to nuclear hazards.  As a result of this initiative many countries signed the treaty agreeing to keep Nuclear- Weapon free zones. Out of 195 States, 114 belong to such denuclearized zones, comprising about 1.8 billion people who do not live under the direct shadow of nuclear war. The existing zones can be analyzed and compared in order find defining features, common strengths, and particular weakness.
Nuclear Weapons Free Zones have a tremendously important role to play in non-proliferation and disarmament issues in the changing world. It has worked on bringing some regions under nuclear disarmament but there are efforts taken to bring maximum regions under treaty. It is difficult to get 100% consent on nuclear disarmament but initial steps are taken. To achieve successful implementation of nuclear proliferation and bring maximum countries under nuclear weapon free zones regional approach is undertaken by NAM countries. Reciprocal actions and strong mutual relations with global approaches such as the NPT are needed. This essential connection will further reinforce the capability that the NWFZs retain.
NAM hopes for the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East and calls for the full implementation of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East, which is an integral and essential part of the package of decisions reached without a vote that enabled the indefinite extension of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in 1995. In the Group’s view, the resolution remains valid until its objectives are achieved.
NAM also hopes the establishment of these zones to be an effective contribution towards strengthening regional and global peace and security. The organization also emphasizes the need to strengthen the integrity of the statute of denuclearization provided for in the Treaty of Tlatelolco by reviewing the declarations that were formulated by the nuclear-weapon States parties. With bringing maximum countries under NWFZ the main objective of avoiding nuclear holocaust could be achieved.

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