The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) deplored selective stances towards the international law, expressing concern about the negative consequences of unilateral measures when it comes to respect for the rule of law. In a meeting of the UN General Assembly’s Legal Committee (also known as the Sixth Committee), held at the UN in New York in October 2015, Iranian Deputy UN Ambassador Gholam Hossein Dehqani , speaking on the behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, rejected any double-standard attitude towards the international law. Dehqani also underlined that respect for the rule of law at the national and international levels is necessary for maintaining international peace and security and achieving the goals of economic and social development. The NAM members voiced concern about the negative impacts of adoption of unilateral measures regarding the rule of law in the international relations, and reiterated their believe that no country or group of countries have a right to deprive another state of its legal and legitimate rights because of political objectives.
The principled position of NAM is that the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and the principles of international law are indispensable in preserving and promoting peace and security, the rule of law, economic development and social progress, and human rights for all. The movement has stressed the need to elaborate the rule of law concept through for an inclusive and transparent intergovernmental process and has reaffirmed in its successive summits that that respect for the rule of law is essential to maintain international peace and security as well as achieving socioeconomic development and has reiterated that it is indispensable to maintain the balance in developing the national and international dimensions of the rule of law.
NAM has expressed deep concern at and rejected the unilateral exercise by certain countries of extra-territorial criminal and civil jurisdiction of national courts not emanating from international treaties and other obligations arising from international law, including international humanitarian law. In this regard, they are deeply concerned on the enactment of politically motivated domestic laws directed against other States, and have stressed the negative impact of such measures on the rule of international law as well as on international relations, and called for the immediate cessation of all such measures.
NAM has rejected the so-called “right” of humanitarian intervention, which has no basis in the United Nations Charter or in international law and requested the Movement’s Co-ordinating Bureau to study and consider the expression “responsibility to protect “and its implications on the basis of the “principles of non-interference and non-intervention as well as the respect for territorial integrity and national sovereignty of States.
At the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly, Iran speaking on behalf of NAM ejected the use or threat of use of force by any State against any member of the Non-Aligned Movement, under the pretext of combating terrorism, including by directly or indirectly categorizing them as terrorism sponsoring-States. In addition, the Iranian delegate mentioned that the unilateral compilation of lists accusing States of allegedly supporting terrorism was inconsistent with international law and could be labelled as a form of psychological terrorism.
Considering the importance of the concept of international law, the Non –Aligned Movement has constantly striven for the need of attention and development within a framework of respect for the international rule of law, if a stable international order is to prevail. The movement categorically rejects the enactment of politically motivated domestic laws directed against other States, and has stressed the negative impact of such measures on the rule of international law as well as on international relations, and called for the immediate cessation of all such measures.
By Dr. Ankit Srivastava, Editor