It is believed that change is for the good and it is constant but the kind of change that the world is in the middle of is not for the good. If anything, it is a change that is leading to extinction of species, extreme temperatures, frequent disasters and depleting ozone layer in the atmosphere, thus making our planet a furnace. The change being addressed here is climate change which implies to any significant change in the expected patterns of weather of a region over a significant period of time, due to abnormal variations to the climate.
Having understood the crisis situation, climate change must be tackled by individual, as well as global effort. While individually, one can play a part in planting trees, reducing carbon emissions, committing to carpool, not indulging in illegal activities that harm the forests and the wildlife, and so forth; but the actual impact is truly felt when global organisations are at the forefront of taking responsibility to tackle the collective evil called climate change.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (also known as UNFCCC), is at the helm of coordinating issues related to climate change and is constantly organising conferences to be updated with the way climate change is progressing so as to guide Member-States as to how to tackle these issues. Another global organisation at work to tackle this issue is the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) which has been advised by UNFCCC to implement policies that give priority to climate financing, protecting forests, supporting agriculture and involving technology in such a way that it helps sustainability to prevail.
Around 190 countries are committed signatories to UNFCCC and are formalising mitigation plans so as to tackle deforestation and reduce carbon footprints that causes harm to the environment and becomes the direct contributory factor to climate change. The Baku Declaration, in 2018, reaffirms the stand that NAM countries have towards climate change. It encourages capacity-building so as to fulfil the Common but Different Responsibilities (CBDR) as underlined by Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.
As the world prepares for this battle against climate change, India has maintained its graceful stance in showing commitment and dedication towards the cause. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been the pioneer towards framing policies that encourage use of renewable sources like solar energy, hydro-energy and wind energy, in a country like India that faces the longest summers and has many swift flowing rivers.
In order to achieve this goal, the Government has partnered with Canadian renewable energy company, SkyPower Global so as to encourage investment to begin solar energy projects in the country starting with Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, thus playing their part in making the country a solar power nation as well as hugely benefiting its economy. Not only this, there is a sincere effort which is being made towards tackling desertification in the country by introducing pilot projects by the Central as well as State Governments to increase and restore the depleted forest cover in many states of India, owing to rapid urbanisation.
India is also making an effort to support corporate organisations to take up the responsibility of playing their part in saving the environment. Recently, a leading consultancy company in India by the name of Infinite Solutions has become the first company of the country to join an initiative by UNFCCC called ‘Climate Neutral Now’.
This initiative mainly aims at ensuring that multinational corporate companies play their part reducing the emission of greenhouse gases so as to positively impact the environment. Climate Neutral Now seeks to inspire individuals and organisations and recognise them for actively participating in action against climate change so as to promote sustainability.
India has been at the forefront to harness the abundantly available heat, owing to its long drawn summers, into solar energy so as to benefit from it and help completely utilise natural resources. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been dedicatedly working towards this cause so as to establish India, in the global scenario, at a top-notch position when it comes to sustainable and renewable sources of energy. Various schemes, like ‘Soil Health Scheme Card’, ‘Per Drop, More Crop’, etc. have been launched by the Government which are helping in reducing land degradation.
India will be hosting the 14th session of Conference of Parties (CoP) of UNFCCC to reiterate India’s stand and commitment towards the Convention and all the efforts being done to combat desertification in the country. Such positive initiatives and dedicated efforts to conserve the environment and to fight against climate change shows how developing countries are playing their individualised role in fighting climate change. NAM, as the pioneering power, is encouraging each and every Member-State to act in its full capacity towards ensuring that climate change can be successfully tackled for its harsh after-effects on third world countries.