The Rio+20 conference (the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development) in Rio de Janeiro, June 2012, galvanized a process to develop a new set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which will carry on the momentum generated by the MDGs and fit into a global development framework beyond 2015. The Sustainable Development Goals, otherwise known as the Global Goals, build on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), eight anti-poverty targets that the world committed to achieving by 2015.
The MDGs, adopted in 2000, aimed at an array of issues that included slashing poverty, hunger, disease, gender inequality, and access to water and sanitation. Enormous progress has been made on the MDGs, showing the value of a unifying agenda underpinned by goals and targets. Despite this success, the indignity of poverty has not been ended for all. The new SDGs, and the broader sustainability agenda, go much further than the MDGs, addressing the root causes of poverty and the universal need for development that works for all people.
As a major organisation concerned with the collective welfare and equitable benefits of development, NAM Heads of State reaffirmed the need to continue to promote and protect all universally recognized human rights through a constructive international dialogue and cooperation, capacity building and technical assistance, and to ensure the realization of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, in particular the right to development as a universal and inalienable right, and as an integral part of all universally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms. They further reaffirmed the objective of making “the right to development” a reality for everyone as set out in the MDGs, and decided to give due consideration to the negative impact of unilateral economic and financial coercive measures on the realization of this right. In this context, they mandated NAM delegations in New York and Geneva to update and introduce, at the Third Committee and the Human Rights Council draft resolutions on “the right to development”.
NAM reaffirms the need for a New Global Human Order aimed at reversing growing disparities between rich and poor, both among and within countries, through the promotion of poverty eradication, full and productive employment and decent work, as well as social integration. In this respect the NAM Member States contributed actively to the realization of the MDGs and have had an active participation in drafting the post-2015 development agenda.
NAM has thus welcomed the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and underlines that the Sustainable Development Goals can be realized only through a credible, effective and universal commitment to the means of implementation by all stakeholders,
NAM firmly believes the newly adopted 2030 development agenda is guided by the Declaration on the Right to Development and, further recognizes the need to build peaceful, just and inclusive societies that provide equal access to justice and that are based on respect for human rights including the right to development. In this vein, NAM maintains that the right to development should be central to the implementation of the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development.
It may be mentioned here that major economists and analysts have remarked the success of SDGs globally is contingent upon India’s success in sustaining high growth and poverty alleviation and the end to poverty by 2030, which subsumes the provision of essential amenities for a dignified existence such as food, clean water, sanitation, electricity, good health, literacy, transportation and a roof over the head, is rightly on top of the 2030 SDG Agenda. India government under PM Narendra Modi has drawn a lot of praise for adopting measures such as Emphasis on micro irrigation, soil cards, better seeds and improved extension programme, along with reform of labour and land acquisition laws by the states, skill development, industrial corridors and smart cities that would raise India’s productivity by optimal utilisation of its resources, this in turn will lead to effective realisation of the SDGs. If the economies of NAM member state follow this model, they would also follow a path of high growth trajectory and will effectively realises the SDGs.