Non – Aligned Movement and the problem of Drug Trafficking

The worsening problem of illicit drug trafficking worldwide on account of its transnational and global nature constitutes a serious threat to the entire international community. In today’s world drug problem constitutes a threat to the public health, development and to the socioeconomic stability of State.
No single government can combat this menace alone successfully, given that criminal organizations linked to drug trafficking operate collectively in the territory of several countries and are multiplying traffic routes and distribution methods.
Therefore, cooperation, coordination and committed action by all countries are essential to curb this crime. The magnitude of the problem of illegal drug trafficking has been recognized by the Non Aligned Movement, which has reiterated that the fight against the world drug problem is a common and shared responsibility,
NAM leaders have emphasized that the problem of drug trafficking should be addressed within a multilateral framework, which can only be achieved through international cooperation. This it demands an integrated and balanced approach and should be carried out in full conformity with the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter and other provisions of international law, in particular the respect for national sovereignty and the territorial integrity of States, the principle of non-intervention in their internal affairs, based on the principles of equal rights and mutual respect.
Most of the NAM member states have taken steps to act upon the recommendations of the standing open-ended intergovernmental working group on improving the governance and financial situation of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, which was adopted by the General Assembly upon recommendation by ECOSOC.
One such example of international collaboration among NAM member states to combat the menace of drug trafficking and other organized crime through cooperation is the quadrilateral cooperation between South Africa, Brazil, Angola and Nigeria.
On a larger scale, this cooperation is also significant enough to establish a strong and practical South-South trans-Southern Atlantic cooperation in the interests of furthering relationships pertaining to the economy, political and social sectors.
India as one of the most prominent member of the Non Aligned World has taken a principled stance against this problem and called for reinvigorating global efforts to combat the “severe challenge” of drug trafficking, warning it was being used to finance terrorism and transnational organized crime. India has always supported strong international cooperation to confront the challenges posed by illicit trafficking and abuse of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.
On October 9, 2014, Mr. Mayank Joshi, First Secretary, speaking on behalf of India at the Agenda Item on International Drug Control at the General Debate in the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly mentioned that India was strongly supportive and committed to the United Nations drug control system, the bulwark of which are the three drug control Conventions that need to be implemented in their proper spirit.
The First Secretary also mentioned that Indian drug enforcement agencies have strengthened cooperation with international agencies and UNODC. We have established systems to increase outreach and awareness rising with regard to adverse consequences of drug abuse through social media to reach the younger generation especially in the schools and colleges. Use of ICT has also been encouraged in drugs and abuse awareness campaigns for instance flashing of SMSs on Drug Abuse through various mobile service providers.
Among NAM member states, the problem of drug trafficking is most severe among Latin American countries. However, most Latin American countries have now entered into security cooperation with not only regional countries in the vicinity but with the US as well as multilateral organizations like the European Union.
For example, the COPOLAD programs established between countries of Latin America and EU stresses on the cooperation in the framework of drugs policies, including combating international drug trafficking. NAM has always emphasized that cooperation among different law enforcement agencies is an important component of the fight against organized crime and prevent illegal drug trafficking.
Common and effective strategies that incorporate the strengths of each agency and institution need to be conceptualized in order for all to benefit with security. The need of the hour is to devise suitable strategies, enhance international cooperation, and capacity building, collection of accurate and reliable drug data and increase sustainable alternative development programs and strategies, in tackling the world drug problem. NAM must play a major role towards these objectives.

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