The Post-2015 Development Agenda refers to a process led by the United Nations (UN) that aims to help define the future global development framework that will succeed the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a set of eight global development targets which come to an end in 2015. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which were eight in all, covered all dimensions of poverty: income, employment and food security, education, gender equality, health, environment, trade and development assistance and occupied a prominent place in the development agenda of the Global South, encompassing nearly all the members of the Non Aligned Movement. As such, NAM has strived for the effective implementation of MDGs in its many dimensions— eliminating income poverty, hunger, disease, lack of adequate shelter and exclusion—while promoting gender equality, education and environmental sustainability. Now with the focus shifting to Post 2015 objectives, Non Aligned Movement has once again emphasized the importance of the post 2015 Development Agenda and has stressed that the underlined objectives must be achieved through transparent and inclusive intergovernmental negotiations under the United Nations.
NAM’s Member States’ initiatives are imperative for improving socio-economic development for people around the world. As the Movement represents two-thirds of UN membership, it would have a critical part to play in efforts to define the post-2015 development agenda and accelerate action to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In acknowledgement of this fact, the official discourse of Non Aligned Movement has constantly underlined that the post- 2015 development agenda must meaningfully address the reform of the institutions of global economic and financial governance in order to strengthen the voice of developing countries. This also calls for a more equitable global financial order and removal of financial burdens by the developed world. The failure of developed countries to fulfill their pledge to commit 0.7 percent of their gross national income to official development assistance is a disappointment, which developing nations hope will be rectified through the new agenda. Being the most effective voice of the developing nations, the Non Aligned Movement has underscored that developed countries should not place additional burdens or restrictions on the emerging developing economies of the Global South. NAM has called for a greater cooperation of the developed nations of the West and has urged them to honour and increase their commitments related to means of implementation, inter alia, finance for development, technology transfer and capacity building so that the post 2015 development goals are effectively implemented in the developing world.
In particular, NAM has emphasized that that poverty eradication is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development, emphasized that poverty eradication must remain the central and overarching objective of the Post-2015 Development Agenda. NAM further recognizes the need to have a coherent and integrated approach to the Post- 2015 Development Agenda formulation, taking into account lessons learned, conditions, and national priorities and policies of respective countries.
The movement has also called for a greater role of multilateral institutions towards achieving the post 2015 Development goals. The movement lays a special thrust on the role of the High-level Political Forum on sustainable development, established by the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 67/290. The High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) is the main United Nations platform dealing with sustainable development, and was formally established in July 2013. The Forum offers the international community a new multilateral governance architecture capable of responding to great challenges and provides political leadership and guidance; follows up and reviews progress in implementing sustainable development commitments and addresses new and emerging sustainable development challenges; enhances the integration of economic, social and the environmental dimensions of sustainable development. In cognizance of this, NAM has emphasized that this forum should serve as a uniting ground for sustainable development related issues in the interest of developing countries.India has been one of the prominent voices of the Non Aligned World and has been at the forefront in representing the principles of the Non Aligned Movement through its policy formulations. Building on its commitment to the MDGs, India has responded to the call of the UN Secretary-General for inclusive broad-based consultations on the post-2015 development agenda. Beginning in September 2012, eight national conveners representing the government, trade unions, industry, women’s associations, farmer’s associations, research institutions, civil society and youth organizations have also undertaken constituency based consultations throughout the country using 25 guiding questions grouped into three broad subject areas: the changing global context; the national context; and suggestions for the new post-2015 framework. With respect to the post 2015 Development goals, “India has assured its commitment to the UN for achieving a meaningful Post-2015 development agenda and assured the country’s active and constructive engagement in realization of the key objectives for the year.“NAM has emphasized the crucial role of the global partnership for development in support of national development strategies and policies to start shaping the international development agenda post 2015. In this respect, NAM has decided to advance the collective concerns and interests of the developed nations in the post- 2015 development agenda in the run up to the United Nations summit to be convened in September 2015.
By Dr. Ankit Srivastava, Editor