The humankind has been using drugs since ancient times for health and medicinal purposes but in the contemporary times an estimated 208 million people consume illegal drugs worldwide. It like most other addictions is a chronic disease which is characterized by compulsive seeking and using drugs. Despite its harmful consequences it becomes a habit which interferes with a person’s self control and ability to resist. In recent times it has become a serious problem and containing it has emerged as one of the main agendas on the itinerary of NAM given its outlook of maintaining peace and harmony in the world while providing a secure environment for the populace to thrive.
It is in this respect the recent NAM meetings have heavily focused on the issue of increasing drug abuse globally and how to, if not eradicate at least curb and manage the situation for the greater good. NAM members have reiteratingly articulated their deep worry for the severe risk that the growing inclination towards drug abuse poses for humanity and the lives and future of children and youth, and for the subverting effects that illegal use, manufacturing, trafficking and supply and circulation of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and drug-related offences have for the affected countries. They renewed their most resolute pledge in the battle in opposition to not only the illegal manufacturing, trafficking, distribution and using up of drugs at all levels and degrees, also against money laundering, arms, ammunition and explosive trafficking, and the deflection of precursory and essential chemical substances.
It restates that the illegal drug chain starts with the inadequately controlled trade of the precursory and vital chemical substances for the making of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, and is concluded with the laundering of money via the international financial and commercial channels. Hence they figured that, owing to its global nature, the drug predicament can only be dealt with successfully through international cooperation based on the principle of collective liability in which national measures are expressed with a global, integral, and balanced reaction to the illegal drugs problem. The Heads of State or Government urged that all countries contribute in the growth of common principles that would direct the programmes for the decrease of requirement within an integral and balanced approach.
Given that poverty and marginalization are agents that favour the crisis of drug trafficking in the developing countries, predominantly as they promote prohibited crop cultivation, Non-Aligned Movement made a call for an enhancement in the intercontinental collaboration of a multilateral and bilateral character pointed towards socio-economic improvement programmes in affected areas. They also call for global cooperation to maintain programmes for substitute development and for environmental remedy in areas where prohibited crops have produced severe environmental damage.
They also emphasize the need to encourage support in the areas of drug rehabilitation, drug abuse deterrence and enforcement measures. The Heads of State or Government urge for unison between the people and representatives of the States in all international fora, with the intention that drug-trafficking be considered and confirmed a sin against humanity. NAM therefore emphatically reaffirms that the global fight against the illegal use of drugs and drug trafficking should be carried out in full unity and without breaching the principles of international law inscribed in the Charter of the United Nations, mainly the reverence for the autonomy and territorial integrity of States and non-use of force or threat of force in international relations.
NAM thereby resolves to strengthen the worldwide fight against international criminal drug organizations which cause severe scourge to the efforts to build and fortify democracy. Therefore, deciding to make stronger global collaboration to eliminate the mounting and treacherous links between terrorist groups, drug-traffickers and their paramilitary gangs and other armed criminal groups, which have resorted to all types of violence, thus destabilizing the egalitarian institutions of States and violating basic human rights.