NAM’s support to Human Rights Council

The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year. NAM states have expressed their full support towards the working of the Human Rights Council
NAM has stressed that stressed that the Human Rights Council should provide equal treatment to both civil and political rights and economic, social and cultural rights, as well as the right to development and believes that the Council should not allow confrontational approaches, exploitation of human rights for political purposes, selective targeting of individual countries for extraneous considerations and double standards in the conduct of its work, which should comply with the UN Charter, international law and relevant UN resolutions.
The movement has reaffirmed that that universality, transparency, impartiality, objectivity and non-selectivity should be guiding principles for the work of the Council and its method of work.
The Council in performing its responsibilities should, bear in mind, in accordance with Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, the significance of national and regional particularities and various historical, cultural and religious backgrounds of the Member States. It may be mentioned here that Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action was adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna on 25 June 1993 and reaffirmed the solemn commitment of all States to fulfill their obligations to promote universal respect for, and observance and protection of, all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, other instruments relating to human rights, and international law.
The Declaration stated: “Democracy, development and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms are interdependent and mutually reinforcing. Democracy is based on the freely expressed will of the people to determine their own political, economic, social and cultural systems and their full participation in all aspects of their lives. In the context of the above, the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms at the national and international levels should be universal and conducted without conditions attached. The international community should support the strengthening and promoting of democracy, development and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in the entire world”. These principles are consistent with the ideology of NAM and as such, the Movement has always stood for following these principles with respect to the working of the Human Rights Council.
NAM has stressed the need to preserve the positive developments achieved since the establishment of the Human Rights Council in the context of its work, including its institutional building package. In this regard, NAM leaders have reaffirmed the need to defend the principles of non-selectivity, non politicization, objectivity and impartiality in the consideration of human rights situations, as well as to ensure that human rights are not used for political purposes and adopting politically motivated decisions, in order to avoid the problems which plagued the former Human Rights Commission.
The movement has emphasized the need to develop effective working relationship between the Human Rights Council and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in line with the spirit of General Assembly resolution 48/141. NAM believes that the Human Rights Council, being the expert inter-governmental body on human rights issues, should have an oversight role in reviewing the work of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, including its activities under country engagement and establishing its field offices, as well as those related to its advisory services, technical assistance and capacity building’s activities.
NAM emphasizes the constructive role of the Human Rights Council for a dialogue and cooperation with State Parties, capacity building and technical assistance, provided upon the request in consultation with and with the consent of the concerned states and according to their national priorities, to ensure the realization of all universally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms, in particular the right to development. NAM Member states have pledged to work towards these objectives.

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