NAM’s role in contemporary world politics

In the hostile environment where the world was divided into two major power blocs the newly liberated nations were expected to make alliance on either of the sides. Changing the situation as expected by the power blocs the third world nations decided to stay aloof from the influence of the show of power and created their existence apart from these nations. The Bandung conference in 1955 laid the framework for the Non-Aligned Movement, withstanding the name of the organization the member countries made a point not play as pawns in the show of power of these power blocs.
Thus, the NAM came into existence, with 29 Heads of States belonging to the first post-colonial generation of leaders from the two continents with the aim of identifying and assessing world issues at the time and pursuing out joint policies in international relations. The principles that would govern relations among large and small nations, known as the “Ten Principles of Bandung”, were proclaimed at that Conference. Such principles were adopted later as the main goals and objectives of the policy of non-alignment. The fulfillment of those principles became the essential criterion for Non-Aligned Movement membership; it is what was known as the “quintessence of the Movement” until the early 1990s.When you look back at the more than five-decade-old history of the NAM, you will find that the US was always opposed to the Movement which stood in the forefront of the fight against manifestations of neo-colonial and imperial designs of that country. While the former Socialist countries lauded the objectives of the Movement and extended moral-political support to it, the US treated it as its foe saying “those who are not with us are against us”. The NAM stood for political and economic independence of the newly-liberated countries, its member-states across the globe be it in Asia, Africa or Latin America.
Non-Alignment presupposes participation in international politics by countries having no bloc affiliation. At the same time it does not mean passive neutrality or equidistance from the military blocs. It is neither a policy of silence for fear of the big brothers nor a policy of isolation from world affairs. But it is rather a strategy to take judicious decisions on all important issues according to one’s own independent judgment of right and wrong. The Non-Aligned movement has grown steadily in force and influence. Its beginnings were modest but today over a hundred countries are its members. India has always taken a keen interest in the movement and has worked ceaselessly for its success. She has never failed to advocate the point of view of the non-aligned, and whenever and whenever there has been social injustice and exploitation, she has raised her voice in support of the victims of big-power exploitation and has done her best to help them, materially and morally.
The NAM has in recent years often criticised USA while backing the self determination of Puerto Rico and Western Sahara. Since most of its members are developing nations, it serves as a great platform for these nations to have their voice felt at the United Nations. It can play a strong role in devising methods to foster cooperation among these nations to ensure sustainable development and will lead to great progress in the fields of science, technology, culture and economics.
The NAM can also act as a guide and overseer of the condition of Human Rights in some of the member states who have rather poor human rights records like Syria and Egypt. NAM could even possibly standardize the yardstick by which Human Rights are treated and governed. NAM most importantly is a great way to ensure that issues like Palestine and crisis in Somalia and Sudan get a fair and long-lasting solution and that the super-powers don’t unduly interfere in these issues to meet their vested interest.
NAM since its formation always abides to its principle and purpose to attain peace and to keep itself Non-Aligned to any power blocks. The success of NAM can be well traced from its ever growing membership each year. Even after the end of Cold War the membership drastically increased and it’s still increasing at a rapid speed justifying its perpetual relevance in the present international environment.
Further NAM as policy of weak and small state will continue to remain valid as long as there is concept of sovereign nation states and perpetual war for power. NAM’s propagation of the concept of sovereign states based on independence and equality will continue forever irrespective of existence of bi-polar, uni-polar or multi-polar world system. NAM nature and scope changed but its relevance thrives to the height of success in the contemporary world. In-fact, its relevance is being more prominent than ever before. In present scenario NAM is more inclined towards economic relevance than political relevance. Hence NAM in the present time is well embedded in in the international politics. Its role has vital impact and the movement has emerged as powerful creed.

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