NAM’s quest for a WMD free world

The dangers posed by weapons of mass destruction have come to occupy center stage in international politics. The term “weapon of mass destruction” (WMD) is used to characterize a variety of weapons that share two key features: their potential for large-scale destruction and the indiscriminate nature of their effects, notably against civilians. There are three major types of WMD: nuclear weapons, chemical warfare agents, and biological warfare agents. In addition, some analysts include radiological materials as well as missile technology and delivery systems such as aircraft and ballistic missiles.
As an organization striving for global peace, the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) has underlined the need to prevent the emergence of new types of weapons of mass destruction and has offered its full support to all measures that seek a quest for WMD free world. Recalling the long-standing determination of the international community to achieve the effective prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling and use of chemical and biological weapons, NAM has been consistent in calling upon all States to observe strictly the principles and objectives of the 1925 Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, and reaffirming the vital necessity of upholding its provisions. NAM has also called upon those States that continue to maintain reservations to the Protocol to withdraw them.
NAM has welcomed the adoption by consensus of the General Assembly Resolution 68/41 entitled “Measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction” and underlined the need for this threat to humanity to be addressed within the UN framework and through international cooperation. While stressing that the most effective way of preventing terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction is through the total elimination of such weapons, the movement has emphasized that progress is urgently needed in the area of disarmament and non proliferation in order to help maintain international peace and security and to contribute to global efforts against terrorism. NAM has called upon all Member States to support international efforts to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery. The movement has also urged all Member States to take and strengthen national measures, as appropriate, to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction, their means of delivery and materials and technologies related to their manufacture. NAM States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) have called for the universalization of the Convention as well as its full, balanced, effective and non-discriminatory implementation.
The Movement has strongly called upon all concerned possessor States to take every necessary measure to ensure their strict compliance with their obligations under the Convention NAM has firmly declared it’s conviction that international support to provide special care and assistance to all victims suffering the effects of exposure to chemical weapons is an immediate humanitarian need requiring urgent attention by the States parties and has reaffirmed that reaffirm that verification of the destruction of all the remaining chemical weapons stockpiles, as well as old chemical weapons and abandoned chemical weapons, should continue to be the top priorities of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).
NAM States Parties to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) have reaffirmed that the possibility of any use of bacteriological agents and toxins as weapons should be completely excluded, and reaffirm the conviction that such use would be repugnant to the conscience of humankind. The Movement has called for balanced, effective and non-discriminatory implementation of all its provisions and stresses the significance of the establishment of its verification mechanism.
In the context of resolutions adopted by the Security Council in the areas covered by multilateral WMD treaties, including resolutions 1540 (2004), 1673 (2006), 1810 (2008) and 1977 (2011), NAM underlines the need to ensure that any action by the Security Council does not undermine the UN Charter, existing multilateral treaties on weapons of mass destruction, and international Organizations established in this regard, as well as the role of the General Assembly. . In this regard, NAM stresses that the issue of acquisition of weapons of mass destruction by non-State actors should be addressed in an inclusive manner by the General Assembly, taking into account the views of all Member States.
Thus, NAM emphasizes that the exercise of political will by all States and their working together cooperatively are very important for attaining a WMD-free world.

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