Non –Aligned Movement has reaffirmed its principled positions on nuclear disarmament, which is its highest priority, and remains extremely concerned at the threat to humanity posed by the continued existence of nuclear weapons and of their possible use or threat of use. Addressing the UN General Assembly on October 8 2015, H.E. Dr. Abdurrahman Mohammad Fachir, Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Indonesia on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement said that “The situation in the realm of nuclear disarmament continues to be characterized by impasse.
The nuclear-weapon-States have not made progress in eliminating their nuclear weapons. The role of nuclear weapons in security policies of the nuclear-weapon-States has not diminished. Some nuclear weapons States are modernizing their nuclear arsenals and planning research on new nuclear warheads, or have announced their intention to develop new delivery vehicles for nuclear weapons. The Movement is deeply concerned by this dismal state of affairs.
The Non-Aligned Movement has highlighted the importance of the General Assembly resolution 69/58 entitled Follow-up to the high-level meeting of the General Assembly on Nuclear Disarmament, which provides a concrete pathway for realizing the objective of nuclear disarmament. The resolution was “mindful of the solemn obligations of States parties, undertaken in article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, particularly to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament” and reaffirmed the determination “to work collectively towards the realization of nuclear disarmament”. In this context, the Movement has expressed its confidence about the full implementation of this resolution, in particular through the commencement of negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament (CD) for the conclusion of a comprehensive convention on nuclear weapons, which will ensure tangible progress on nuclear disarmament. .NAM has further recalled the decision of the General Assembly to convene, no later than 2018, a UN high level conference to review progress made in this regard and emphasized the need for an early and appropriate preparation to ensure a successful conference.
NAM has further reaffirmed the urgent need for conclusion of a universal, unconditional, non-discriminatory and legally binding instrument to effectively assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons under any circumstances as a matter of high priority, pending the achievement of the total elimination of nuclear weapons, which remains the only absolute guarantee against their use or threat of use.
NAM has expressed concerns that despite this long standing request by non-nuclear-weapon States to receive such legally binding assurances, no tangible progress has been achieved. The Movement has affirmed the importance of humanitarian considerations in the context of all deliberations on nuclear weapons and in promoting the goal of nuclear disarmament. In this context, NAM has welcomed the growing focus on the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons, including at the three Conferences in Oslo, Nayarit and Vienna. The broad participation at those Conferences reflects that the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons are a fundamental and global concern.
The Movement has expressed its deepest concern over the immediate, indiscriminate, and massive death and destruction caused by any nuclear weapon detonation and its long term catastrophic consequences on human health, environment, and other vital economic resources, thus endangering the life of present and future generations. In this context, NAM leaders have reaffirmed the need for all States at all times to comply with applicable international law, including international humanitarian law.
NAM firmly believes that any use of nuclear weapons is a violation of the UN Charter and a crime against humanity. NAM has also reaffirmed that the total elimination of nuclear weapons and the assurance that they will never be produced again, is the only absolute guarantee against the catastrophic humanitarian consequences arising from their use. NAM believes that nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation are mutually reinforcing and are essential for strengthening international peace and security.