One of the major issues raised by the Non-Aligned Movement with reference to the establishment of a just and an equitable international order pertains to the demands for the reforms of United Nations. In this regards, NAM has called for the comprehensive review of the various aspects of the operational activities for development of the United Nations through the Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review of Operational Activities for Development of the UN.
The General Assembly adopted on 21 December 2012 a landmark resolution (67/226) on the quadrennial comprehensive policy review (QCPR) of UN operational activities for development. The resolution is the culmination of two months of intensive intergovernmental negotiations underpinned by comprehensive analytical preparations supported by DESA and UN system entities.
The QCPR is the mechanism through which the General Assembly assesses the effectiveness, efficiency, coherence and impact of UN operational activities for development and establishes system-wide policy orientations for the development cooperation and country-level modalities of the UN system in response to the evolving international development and cooperation environment. NAM recognises that the General Assembly resolution 67/226 on Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review of Operational Activities for Development of the United Nations System constitutes the intergovernmental agreed guiding policy framework for addressing the UN operational activities for development.
QCPR acknowledges that the additional focus on interregional South-South cooperation would enable them to more effectively address emerging challenges, such as providing assistance to more advanced developing countries in supporting other countries within and outside of their region. As such, many initiatives have been taken in NAM Member States by the state as well as non-state actors. A few of them are mentioned below .
Supported by UNICEF, the Government of India hosted the “Second High-level Meeting on South-South Cooperation for Child Rights” for countries of Asia and the Pacific region to share knowledge and enhance cooperation for the realization of children’s rights. Another example is that since 2011, Brazil, Russia, India and China have established, in cooperation with UNAIDS and WHO, a health cooperation platform, and prioritized the use of technology transfer as a means to empowering developing countries. Further, in September 2013, the Ministers of Health of countries in the Americas region approved a renewed policy for cooperation for health development in the Americas, with the goal to strengthen cooperation among countries and horizontal partnerships within and across regions in order to proactively share health solutions that effectively and sustainably address common health problems, particularly in priority areas such as facilitating universal access to health care and addressing the social determinants of health.
NAM has called for strengthening the role and capacity of the UN development system to assist countries in achieving their development goals requires continued improvement in its effectiveness, efficiency, coherence and impact, along with a significant increase in resource. It may be mentioned here that in the context of mutually reinforcing linkages between development, peace and security and human rights, a number of United Nations country teams assisted number of NAM Member States to engage with United Nations human rights mechanisms, including the universal periodic review, and mainstream international human rights standards and obligations in national development strategies and processes.
NAM has welcomed the significant strides made by UN Development system in recent years and is committed to the realizations of the goals mentioned in the QCPR. However NAM has expressed its concerns over the fact that several General Assembly mandates contained in the Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review of Operational Activities for Development of the United Nations System remain unfulfilled by the United Nations funds and programmes. The Movement firmly believes that selective implementation, which benefits the interest of a few and ignores the interests of the larger developing world may not be a prudent approach to take.
By Dr. Ankit Srivastava, Editor