The United Nations Peace- building Architecture was set up in December 2005 with the underlying twin objective of ensuring that UN system remains aware of the developments in post-conflict societies and that the UN is able to provide a sustained and concerted approach to international community’s piecemeal support to post conflict peace-building. The UN peace-building architecture is constituted by the Peace-building Commission (PBC), Peace-building Fund (PBF) and the Peace-building Support Office (PBSO). PBC is the inter-governmental UN body that supports peace building countries emerging from conflict and advises the General Assembly and the Security Council. The PBF has supported post conflict reconstruction activities such as disarming, demobilizing and reintegrating ex-combatants, improving prisons, strengthening police forces, fighting corruption, eliminating impunity and denial of basic human rights, promoting the private sector, creating youth employment, rebuilding infrastructure and providing safe drinking water and proper sanitation. The PBS provides strategic advice and policy guidance to the PBC.
The NAM Caucus in the PBC under the chairmanship of Tunisia has worked together for strengthening the position and role of the Movement in UN Peace-building architecture. The NAM Caucus was actively engaged in the Organizational Committee of the PBC over the discussions of the 2015 review of the Peace-building architecture. NAM Caucus made strong efforts to ensure that the 2015 Review should take the original vision behind the establishment of the Peace-building Architecture as the point of departure and analyse the progress made so far and the continuing gap in the international community and UN response to post-conflict challenge. The NAM Caucus in the PBC has particularly highlighted that inclusive national ownership in peace building should be highlighted as a central element of all peace building related engagements. Morocco, another prominent NAM Member State has also been playing a constructive role in the UN Peace-building architecture in its capacity as Chairman of the Central African Republic country Configuration.
NAM Member States also played a constructive role in the activities of the Advisory Group of Experts on conducting the Review of the Peace -building Architecture, which was entitled the ‘Challenge of Sustaining Peace. Anis Bajwa (Pakistan), Saraswathi Menon (India), Funmi Olonisakin (Nigeria), Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah (Mauritania), Gert Rosenthal (Guatemala), and Edith Grace Ssempala (Uganda) were integral members of the Advisory Group.
The Non-Aligned Movement in its 17th Summit at Venezuela called on the PBC to establish dynamic partnerships with regional and sub-regional organizations and to ensure that regional efforts receive the requisite attention and support and also expressed the need for integrated peace building strategies and programmes that are consistent and in line with host- country strategies and programmes to ensure national ownership.
NAM has also welcomed the UN General Assembly Resolution 70/262 adopted on 27 April 2016 which reiterates that United Nations cooperation with regional and sub-regional organizations is critical to contributing to the prevention of the outbreak, escalation, continuation and recurrence of conflict, and states that effective peace building must involve the entire United Nations system. The resolution also emphasizes the importance of joint analysis and effective strategic planning across the United Nations system in its long-term engagement in conflict affected countries and, where appropriate, in cooperation and coordination with regional and sub- regional organizations. NAM has also welcomed the UN Security Council Resolution 2282 (2016) on post-conflict peace-building, which stresses the the importance of partnership and cooperation among the United Nations and relevant regional and sub-regional organizations, including the African Union, to improve cooperation and coordination in peace-building, to increase synergies and ensure the coherence and complementarity of such efforts, and in this regard, urges the Peace-building Commission to hold regular exchanges of views with relevant regional and sub-regional organizations and encourages regular exchanges, joint initiatives, and information sharing between the Peace-building Support Office and relevant bodies of regional and sub-regional organizations, such as the African Union Commission.
The Non-Aligned Movement has thus extended its full support to the UN Peace-building Architecture since its inception and has firmly held that the principles of state sovereignty and non-intervention should serve as the key mechanisms in guiding its action.