The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, formerly known as the Post-2015 Development Agenda, consists of a set of programs, actions and policies that will guide the work of the United Nations and its member countries towards sustainable development. On 25 September 2015, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted the Resolution 70/1, Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which laid out the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
The Declaration attached to the Resolution recognised that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development, and as such committed to achieving sustainable development in its three dimensions – economic, social and environmental – in a balanced and integrated manner. The SDGs build on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), eight anti-poverty targets that the world committed to achieving by 2015. The MDGs, adopted in 2000, aimed at an array of issues that included slashing poverty, hunger, disease, gender inequality, and access to water and sanitation. Enormous progress has been made on the MDGs, showing the value of a unifying agenda underpinned by goals and targets.
As NAM represents the largest collective organisation of the developing world, referred to as the Global South, Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement have played a key role in formulating and reaching agreement on the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. This was aptly reflected in the theme for the 17th NAM Summit held in Venezuela in September 2016. In the final Declaration of the 17th NAM Summit, the NAM leaders stated that the Agenda is based on people and is universal and transformative.
NAM leaders reiterated their will to work towards the full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, leaving no one behind,. Likewise, they reiterated the need to fulfil the Agenda’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals and its 169 targets for all nations and peoples, and for all sectors of society, in an integrated and indivisible manner, bearing in mind the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental. Likewise, they reiterated that ending poverty and hunger in all its forms and dimensions is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development and, in this sense, they reaffirmed all the principles recognized in the Agenda, particularly the principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities. In the final Declaration, NAM further underlined the importance of developed countries fulfilling their commitments regarding the provision of finance, transfer of appropriate technology and capacity building to developing countries, in order to ensure the global realization of Sustainable Development Goals.
NAM has stressed that sub-regional, regional, interregional and international cooperation plays an important role in helping developing countries to integrate into the global economy and to achieve the objectives of the Sustainable Development Goals as well as in promoting the global partnership for development. NAM thus stresses the need for South- South cooperation and recognises the recognized the need to enhance synergies and complementarities among regional, sub-regional and interregional cooperation processes. The 17th NAM Summit called for increasing the scale of South-South Cooperation and reiterated that South-South Cooperation is an important element of international cooperation for the sustainable development of their peoples, as a complement and not as a substitute to the North-South Cooperation, which allows for the transfer of appropriate technologies, in favourable conditions and preferential terms. NAM has further reaffirmed that South-South Cooperation is an expression of solidarity and cooperation among the peoples and countries of the South, which contributes to their national wellbeing, guided by the principles of respect for sovereignty, national ownership and independence, equality, non-conditionality, non-interference in the internal affairs, and mutual benefit.
2030 Agenda also recognises the essential role to be played by the national parliaments in ensuring accountability at different stages of the policy cycle and their implementation. India, a prominent NAM Member State initiated efforts to implement the 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). India’s development agenda is mirrored in the Sustainable Development Goals, which includes programs to eliminate poverty, housing, power, water and sanitation for all, which is based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. At the United Nations Summit on Sustainable Development, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi remarked that the Agenda 2030 reflects the evolving understanding of the social, economic and environmental linkages that define our lives, and that the goals recognize that economic growth, industrialization, infrastructure, and access to energy provide the foundations of development.