The United Nations General Assembly Resolution 73/338 adopted on September 12 2019, called for encouraging the continued and increasing efforts and activities on the part of civil society organizations throughout the world in advancing a culture of peace, as envisaged in the Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace. The Resolution declared 2021 as the International Year of Peace and Trust.
Resolution 73/338 that the International Year of Peace and Trust constitutes a means of mobilizing the efforts of the international community to promote peace and trust among nations based on, inter alia, political dialogue, mutual understanding and cooperation, in order to build sustainable peace, solidarity and harmony.
The Resolution called upon the international community to continue to promote peace and trust among nations as a value that promotes sustainable development, peace and security, and human right and invited all Member States, organizations of the United Nations system, other relevant international and regional organizations and civil society, including non-governmental organizations, individuals and other relevant stakeholders, to facilitate the observance of the International Year of Peace and Trust, in an appropriate manner and to disseminate the advantages of peace and trust, including through educational and public awareness-raising activities.
Non-Aligned Movement has reaffirmed its commitment to ensuring that the promotion of a culture of peace at the national, regional, continental and global level should act as a powerful enabler towards achieving the goals espoused in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
During the 18th Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Non-Aligned Movement held at Baku, the Republic of Azerbaijan, NAM invited Member States to continue to place greater emphasis on and expanding their activities promoting a culture of peace at the national, regional and international levels, and to ensure that peace and non-violence are fostered at all levels. On 29 January, 2021, the opening event to launch the International Year of Peace and Trust was held in the Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan. The Foreign Minister of Azerbaijan Jeyhun Bayramov made a statement on behalf of the NAM at a video conference dedicated to the opening ceremony of the International Year of Peace and Trust.
According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Azerbaijan, Bayramov thanked Turkmenistan for this important initiative and welcomed the adoption of UN General Assembly Resolution 73/338 dated September 12, 2019.
It was noted that promoting and sustaining international peace is a key issue to the Non-Aligned Movement, and the Heads of state and government reaffirmed the validity of the goals and principles of the UN Charter, as well as the norms and principles of international law, which are indispensable in preserving and promoting of peace and security, the rule of law, economic development and social progress and all human rights for all at the 18th Summit held in Baku in October 2019.
Minister Jeyhun Bayramov reaffirmed the importance of the Non-Aligned Movement Member States’ contribution to the promotion of dialogue, tolerance, mutual respect, understanding and acceptance at the regional and international levels, and the fight against radicalism, extremism and hate speech.
The Non-Aligned Movement also welcomed the adoption of UN General Assembly Resolution 74/23 adopted on 12 December 2019 which highlighted the importance of interreligious and intercultural dialogue and its valuable contribution to promoting social cohesion, peace and development, as well as the culture of tolerance and respect among individuals, societies and nations and encouraged Member States to consider, as and where appropriate, initiatives that identify areas for practical action in all sectors and levels of society for the promotion of interreligious and intercultural dialogue, tolerance, understanding and cooperation.
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