Non-Aligned Movement regards food security and nutrition as essential aspects of sustainable development. The Movement has recognised the need to strengthen food security and nutrition through strengthening collaboration across the many initiatives regarding this aspect, laying particular emphasis on the regional initiatives. In this context, NAM has welcomed the CELAC Plan for Food Security, Nutrition and Hunger Eradication 2025.
The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States called CELAC, is a regional bloc of 33 sovereign countries in the Latin American and Caribbean with a total of about 600 million people and a GDP of US$ 7 trillion. The regional bloc has encouraged Latin America and Caribbean vision itself as a community of nations, capable of dialogue and consensus building on issues of common interest such as disarmament, environment, economic co-operation, finance, energy and social development.
The 33 Member States of CELAC are committed to eradicate hunger and poverty in the region by 2025 and have formulated the CELAC’s Plan Food Security, Nutrition and Hunger Eradication 2025. The Plan was formally adopted during the Third Summit of Heads of State and Government of the CELAC, held in San Jose, Costa Rica. The plan promotes comprehensive public policies to reduce poverty, improve rural conditions, adapt agriculture to climate change, end food waste and face disaster risks.
CELAC’s Plan for Food Security, Nutrition and Hunger Eradication 2025 is based on 4 pillars aimed at guaranteeing the four dimensions of food security: food access, availability, use and stability. The first pillar calls for formulating a coordinated strategy for food security through national and regional public policies. This implies that countries would undertake mechanism to strengthen their legal and institutional food security frameworks, facilitate trade, avoid losses and food waste and encourage procurement program. Pillar 2 focusses on safe and adequate access to nutritious food and to achieve this, CELAC Plan encourages conditional transfer programs, the improvement of labour markets, and strong support for family farming. Pillar 3 relates to ensuring nutritional wellness of the vulnerable groups. In order to achieve these objectives, CELAC promotes school feeding programs, with an emphasis in connecting family farming producers through public purchases and promoting healthy habits. The fourth pillar calls for ensuring stability and creating an effective response mechanism in case of either man made or natural disaster. To ensure this, the Plan calls on the Member States to create and maintain food reserves, consolidate the public stocks for emergencies and formulating a comprehensive disaster management policy.
CELAC Plan for Food Security, Nutrition and Hunger Eradication 2025 has been appreciated by the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO). During the CELAC Summit of Presidents and Heads of State and Government held in Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, FAO’s Director-General José Graziano da Silva remarked that the Plan represents the crystallization of governments’ political will to eradicate hunger before 2025. The FAO Director-General also noted that the Plan was in line with the commitments of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and that CELAC had made an ambitious commitment to eradicate hunger by the year 2025, five years before the target established by SDG 2: Zero Hunger.
In order to achieve the objectives of Plan, many CELAC states, which are also members of the Non-Aligned Movement, have undertaken a series of measures aimed at improving food security and nutrition. Bolivia and Honduras have formulated school nutrition laws which are closely linked with CELAC Plan for Food Security, Nutrition and Hunger Eradication 2025, which indicates that school nutrition programs are one of the primary mechanisms for fighting hunger and malnutrition. Similarly, Guatemala has adopted nutritional laws that includes an increase in the amount allocated to each student, with locally adapted, healthy menus, food purchased from family farmers and educational vegetable gardens at school.
Thus, Member States of CELAC are committed to the elimination of hunger eradication and create an effective food security mechanism through the implantation of Plan for Food Security, Nutrition and Hunger eradication 2025.