The Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA) is the outcome document adopted at the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, held in Addis Ababa from 13 to 16 July 2015. The Addis Ababa Agenda, adopted by 193 UN Member States, provides a foundation for implementing the global sustainable development agenda, and marks a milestone in forging an enhanced global partnership that aims to foster universal, inclusive economic prosperity and improve people’s well-being while protecting the environment.
According to the then UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon, the Agenda marks a critical step forward in building a sustainable future for all, provides a global framework for financing sustainable development and lays the foundation of a revitalized global partnership for sustainable development that will leave no one behind. The 99th plenary meeting of the 69th General Assembly approved draft resolution A/69/L.82 endorsing the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development.
The Addis Ababa Action Agenda includes important policy commitments and key deliverables in critical areas for sustainable development, including infrastructure, social protection and technology. The Agenda States that an enhanced and revitalized global partnership for sustainable development, led by Governments, will be a vehicle for strengthening international cooperation for implementation of the post- 2015 development agenda and that this global partnership should reflect the fact that the post-2015 development agenda, including the sustainable development goals, is global in nature and universally applicable to all countries while taking into account different national realities, capacities, needs and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities.
In support of implementation of the sustainable development goals, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda contains more than 100 concrete measures. It addresses all sources of finance, and covers cooperation on a range of issues including technology, science, innovation, trade and capacity building.
The AAAA also calls for delivering social protection and in this regards has called on countries to consider setting nationally appropriate spending targets for quality investments in essential public services for all, including health, education, energy, water and sanitation, consistent with national sustainable development strategies. AAAA also stresses the need for protecting the rights of the women and children, and reiterates the need for gender mainstreaming, including targeted actions and investments in the formulation and implementation of all financial, economic, environmental and social policies.
AAAA further stresses the critical importance of industrial development for developing countries, as a critical source of economic growth, economic diversification, and value addition, and urges to invest in sectors which promoting inclusive and sustainable industrial development to effectively address major challenges such as growth and jobs, resources and energy efficiency, pollution and climate change, knowledge-sharing, innovation and social inclusion.
The Agenda also calls for a commitment to establish a ‘facilitation mechanism’ to promote innovation and scientific cooperation, identify technology needs and gaps, and support capacity building on technology. The Action Agenda further calls on developed countries to implement their commitment to a goal of jointly mobilizing USD100 billion per year by 2020 from a wide variety of sources to address the needs of developing countries.
Non-Aligned Movement has welcomed the adoption of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda. . The 17th NAM Summit at Venezuela reiterated the commitment of Member States to work towards the full implementation of the decisions and recommendations contained in those documents, and called on the international community, including international financial institutions as well as regional development banks to support efforts of the developing countries towards achieving the underlying objectives. At the 17th NAM Summit, Member States reiterated that the realisation of the Sustainable Development Goals can be met with the full implementation of AAAA. The AAAA is in consonance with NAM’s call for the need for a strengthened and scaled-up global partnership for development, based on the recognition of national leadership and ownership of development strategies.