NAM Urges UN to Play a Central Role in Combating Terrorism

Non-Aligned Movement has rejected terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, as well as all acts, methods and practices of terrorism wherever, by whomever, against whomsoever committed, including those in which States are directly or indirectly involved, which are unjustifiable whatever the considerations or factors that may be invoked to justify them, and in this context, has reaffirmed its support for the provisions contained in General Assembly resolution 46/51 of 27 January 199 on measures to eliminate international terrorism.
The position of NAM on international terrorism was reiterated in the 70th session of the UN General Assembly held on 12 October 2015 by the Iranian Representative Gholamali Khoshroo, speaking for the Non-Aligned Movement. The Iranian representative condemned and rejected terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including, among others, those in which States were directly or indirectly involved.
Terrorist acts constituted a flagrant violation of international law, including international humanitarian and human rights law. However, terrorism should not be equated with the legitimate struggle of peoples under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation, for self-determination and national liberation. Furthermore, terrorism must not be associated with any religion, nationality, civilization or ethnic group. He urged all States to fulfil their obligations under international law to combat terrorism, including, among other actions, through prosecution or extradition of the perpetrators.

He also urged States to refrain from supporting such acts, through supplying arms or other weapons that could be used for such acts, to name a few, in the territories of other States. He said he rejected the use or threat of use of force by any State against any member of the Non-Aligned Movement, under the pretext of combating terrorism, including by directly or indirectly categorizing them as terrorism sponsoring-States.

In addition, the unilateral compilation of lists accusing States of allegedly supporting terrorism was inconsistent with international law and could be labelled as a form of psychological terrorism. All States should condemn any form of, and refrain from extending political, diplomatic, moral or material support for terrorism. States should also ensure that refugees or any other status should not be abused by perpetrators, organizers or facilitators of terrorist acts, and that claims of political motivation should not be recognized as grounds to refuse extradition requests.

Expressing concern over the acute and growing threat posed by foreign terrorist fighters, he emphasized the need for States to address the issue. He encouraged all States that had not yet done so, to ratify or accede to the thirteen international instruments relating to combating terrorism and implement them along with regional and bilateral instruments. The Security Council sanction committees should also streamline their listings and delisting procedures.

Reiterating the call for an international summit conference under the auspices of the United Nations to formulate a joint international response to terrorism, including identifying its root causes, he stressed the importance of concluding a comprehensive convention for combating international terrorism, and called upon States to cooperate in resolving outstanding issues.

It was the primary responsibility of Member States’ to implement the United Nations Global Counter Terrorism Strategy. Condemning criminal instances of hostage-taking, which resulted in ransom demands or other political concessions by terrorist groups, he called upon all States to cooperate actively on the issue.

At the Tehran Summit of 2012, NAM reiterated its conviction that multilateral cooperation under the UN auspices is the most effective means to combat international terrorism. At the Algiers NAM Ministerial Summit of 2014, NAM Member State Ministers reiterated their call for an International Summit Conference under the auspices of the UN to formulate a joint organised response of the international community to terrorism in all its forms and manifestations including identifying its root causes.

NAM believes that counter terrorism strategies adopted outside the parameters of international law and outside the ambit of UN could potentially “blur the line” between measures taken to fight terrorism and those taken to promote it.

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