Non-Aligned Movement has always supported the implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), the use of which has effectively changed the world, especially in current day and age. But due to this “digital revolution”, many adverse elements have also become active ever since the use of internet entered the public domain. The digital revolution has changed the way people shape their daily lives, and helped pave the way for growth and economic development. With this background, NAM has urged for the world leaders to enforce the results of the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS).
As a United Nations Summit divided in two phases, the WSIS was held with the goal of forming new ways to educate and provide people with knowledge and information. It has changed the way people communicate, countries conduct their governments or politic drastically.
It has also created a divide in society; a divide between people who are able to have access to the ICT and people who are unable to have access to it based on their economic and geographical situations. In order to form an inclusive, equitable and development-centric strategy for the ICT to be able to approach people from lesser backgrounds and under-developed countries and to implement this approach on regional, national and international levels, to make it easily available so that everybody can use it as per their convenience individually.
This has happened due to the ever- widening gap between the rich and the poor; the privileged and the wanting. This approach has helped in an easy and speedy delivery of humanitarian aid, healthcare and provided a new vision of environmental protection. The main agenda of the World Summit is to transport the technological advances to the common public of every country step-by-step. The first phase of the Summit was held in Geneva in the year 2003 from December 10 to 12, and the second phase of the Summit was held in Tunis in 2005 from November 16 to 18.
Since NAM’s one of the main goals is to bridge the divide between the ignorant and the knowledgeable; and subsequently the rich and the poor, this Summit was the perfect way to make people more aware and educated thus enhancing those countries and regions lacking in progress and development. Through the Summit, the main goal to United Nations is to use the technology and knowledge to complete the development objectives of the Millennial Declaration, but it soon broadened to include other important issues such as communication, freedom of speech and the right to privacy etc. Many non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the youth, scientific institutions, community media and others took part as “civil society” in the event and its preparations in the 2015 Overall Review of the Implementation of the Outcomes of WSIS held by the UN General Assembly and adopted resolution number 70/125 and uphold the Universal Declaration of Rights. NAM has also strived to work upon the objectives set in the Tunis agreement by the representatives of various nations and youth groups. NAM believes in the use of the ICTs to enhance the implementation and following of a democratic way of governing, equality and the rule of law at national, internal and regional level. The two main agendas of the summit were the digital divide, which focuses on bridging the knowledge and equity gap between the rich and the poor and to make the access to information technology accessible. The second agenda is digital dilemma, which focuses on the prevention of the wrongful use of the internet in order to make unlawful personal profits, or spread fear and terror among people.
NAM has supported the United Nations General Assembly in its decision to implement the outcomes of the World Summit of Information Security and has advocated for all the objectives specified by Summit in the 18th NAM Ministerial Summit held at Baku in April 2008, where NAM emphasised the important role played by the United Nations General Assembly, and also said that the overall review by the General Assembly shall take in to account the progress made so far by the WSIS and further work towards fulfilling the goals of the Outcomes of the Summits of 2003 and 2005.