Non-Aligned Movement is committed towards the protection of biological diversity. At the recently concluded NAM Ministerial Meeting in Baku in March 2018, NAM highlighted that unsustainable patterns of production and consumption, especially in developed countries, are affecting the functioning of Earth’s systems. NAM expressed that the land, forests, rivers, wet lands, sea, biodiversity, atmosphere, glaciers and other components are vital parts of those systems that need to be preserved and regenerated to maintain the balance of life.
NAM has offered its full support to the global efforts aimed at the protection of the environment. In this context, NAM Member States have been at the forefront to successfully implement the goals set in the United Nations Strategic Plan for Forests 2017- 30, which was adopted by the UN Economic and Social Council on 20 April 2017 and was subsequently adopted by the UN General Assembly on 27 April 2017.
The strategic plan contains 6 core goals – Reverse the loss of forest cover worldwide through sustainable forest management, including protection, restoration, afforestation and reforestation, and increase efforts to prevent forest degradation and contribute to the global effort of addressing climate change; Enhance forest-based economic, social and environmental benefits, including by improving the livelihoods of forest-dependent people; Increase significantly the area of protected forests worldwide and other areas of sustainably managed forests, as well as the proportion of forest products from sustainably managed forests; Mobilize significantly increased, new and additional financial resources from all sources for the implementation of sustainable forest management and strengthen scientific and technical cooperation and partnerships; Promote governance frameworks to implement sustainable forest management, including through the United Nations forest instrument, and enhance the contribution of forests to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and enhance cooperation, coordination, coherence and synergies on forest-related issues at all levels, including within the United Nations system and across member organizations of the Collaborative Partnership on Forests, as well as across sectors and relevant stakeholders.
The Strategic Plan also calls on countries to make voluntary national contributions towards achieving the global forest goals and targets, taking into account their national circumstances, policies, priorities, capacities, levels of development and forest conditions.
Many NAM Member States have set up such voluntary national contributions. Ghana has implemented measures to halt deforestation and restore 25,000ha of degraded forests annually. Thus, for the 2017 – 2020 Ghana has targeted the restoration of 100,000ha of degraded forests through reforestation. Management plans are being developed in the country to cover 100 of the 298 forest reserves and to ensure that they are put under appropriate long-term sustainable management regimes by 2020.
Ecuador has been designing the National Forestry Management Plan and by 2030, the country has envisioned a goal of zero net deforestation at the National level. Ecuador has also targeted the reduction of gross emissions by at least 20% in 2025. Liberia is developing reforestation and afforestation policy to ensure that these practices are consistent with other protocol of maintaining forest cover. The country has developed a five years Strategic Roadmap for the enhancement of capacity of small-scale forest products enterprises. Jamaica has targeted a 10% increase by 20130 in the number of hectares legally protected as forests and having sustainable management plans island wide. By 2020, Jamaica targets that the rate of loss of all-natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
NAM thus shares the objective of the UN to enhance the contribution of forests to the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development 3 and the Sustainable Development Goals.