Non-Aligned Movement is committed to protect the rights of women and children and ensure their welfare, particularly in the developing nations of the world.
One such aspect pertains to improving the health of women and children. Target 3 of the Sustainable Development Goal aims to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births by 2030 and also to ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes by 2030.
Women’s and children’s health is recognized as a fundamental human right in treaties such as the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). A number of initiatives have been undertaken to accelerate progress on the health-related internationally agreed development goals, including the Sustainable Development Goals. One such initiative supported by NAM Member States is Every Woman Every Child’s (EWEC) Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health, which is an update on the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health (2016-2030), launched by the then UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon in September 2010.
The Global Strategy is universal and applies to all people (including the marginalized and hard-to-reach), in all places (including crisis situations) and to transnational issues. It focuses on safeguarding women, children and adolescents in humanitarian and fragile settings and upholding their human rights to the highest attainable standard of health, even in the most difficult circumstances. The Global Strategy also guides greater integration among actors in the health sector and across other sectors such as nutrition, education, water, hygiene and sanitation, and infrastructure, bringing together multi-stakeholder partners and combining innovative financing and accountability mechanisms to help achieve the SDGs.
NAM Member States have undertaken measures which are in line with the objectives of the Global Strategy to protect the health of women and children. Some of these measures are mentioned below. India committed to EWEC Global Strategy in 2015. In an official statement issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, India committed to continued focus on increasing coverage and equity of quality care for new-borns, targeting reduction in Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) and still births to single digit by 2030. India also pledged to work towards accelerating the annual rate of immunization from existing 1% to more than 5% per year with the aim of achieving more than 90% coverage by 2020.
India has highlighted that it will continue to work with renewed zeal on ending preventable maternal deaths through innovation in service delivery and sharpened focus on pockets with the highest burden of mortality and is committed to accelerating the current pace of decline to ensure that India meets the Maternal Mortality Ratio target of less than 70 per 100,000 live births by 2030. In Kenya, the National Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy 2015 intends to bring Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights issues into the mainstream of health and development. The Policy examines the prevailing social, economic, cultural and demographic context of sexual and reproductive health of adolescents including its implications for and consequences to their health and development. In Indonesia, regulation on reproductive health has been adopted to strengthen the institutional and monitoring capacity for maternal, child and adolescent health service at every level of the government. Further, the country has adopted Indonesia Neo Natal Action Plan to decrease maternal mortality in the 2015- 30 period. Thus, NAM Member States have emphasized the importance of giving appropriate consideration to women and children’s health in the discussion on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.