Non-Aligned Movement has time and again emphasised its principled position that achieving nuclear disarmament is a must for establishing a peaceful international order. The final Outcome Summit of the 17th NAM Summit 2016 states that progress in nuclear disarmament and nuclear non- proliferation in all its aspects is essential to strengthening international peace and security, and efforts toward nuclear disarmament, global and regional approaches and confidence building measures complement each other and should, wherever possible, be pursued simultaneously to promote regional and international peace and security.
NAM has called for further international, regional and national efforts aimed at advancing the goal of nuclear disarmament and in this regard has expresses its support and noted with appreciation the efforts of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC). CELAC, a regional bloc of 33 Latin American and Caribbean states, since its official inception in 2011 has voiced its concerns regarding the security threat posed by the existence of nuclear weapons and has reiterated the urgency of complete and verifiable nuclear disarmament, as well as nuclear non-proliferation. CELAC states have reaffirmed their commitment to the Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT), and to the full implementation of its three main pillars, namely, nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation, and peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
In 2012, Cuba on behalf of CELAC made a statement at the 2013 Session of UN Disarmament Condition that reiterated CELAC’s firm position in favour of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation in all its aspects and highlighted the group’s commitment to disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation as the highest priority. CELAC adopted a “Special Declaration on Nuclear Disarmament” at its Second Summit, held in Havana, Cuba, on 28 and 29 January 2014 which stressed that the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is a violation of the Charter of the United Nations and a crime against humanity, constituting at the same time a violation of International Law and of International Humanitarian Law. The Declaration also calls for a complete and verifiable nuclear disarmament and reiterates that the only effective guarantee against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is its complete elimination and prohibition. At the Third CELAC Summit held at Belan, Costa Rice on 27 and 28 January 2015, CELAC adopted a “Special Declaration on the Urgent Need for a Nuclear Weapon Free World” which reiterated its call to all States, particularly Nuclear Weapon States to eliminate the role of nuclear weapons from their doctrines, security policies and military strategies and policies, in the sense of obligations under Article VI of the NPT and the commitments of the NPT review conference, as well as national policy statements. The Declaration also exhorted those countries that had joined to extended nuclear deterrence policies in military alliances based on nuclear weapons to implement policies that enable then to eliminate their reliance on nuclear weapons of other States, in accordance with the objectives of the Charter of the United Nations and its obligations under the NPT.
CELAC’s commitment to nuclear disarmament was further visible at its Fourth Summit, held in Quito, Ecuador, on 27 January 2016, where a “Special Declaration on the commitment to advance in the multilateral negotiations on Nuclear Disarmament”, was adopted. A “Special Declaration on the 20 Years of the opening for signature of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty” was also adopted at the Quito Summit was also adopted at the Quito Summit.
CELAC members have expressed their strong support to the conclusion of a legally binding instrument that leads to the effective, irreversible, and verifiable nuclear disarmament, in order to achieve a complete elimination of nuclear weapons, under a multilaterally agreed timetable. CELAC members have urged to maintain all moratoria on test explosions. CELAC’s stance of nuclear disarmament is similar to that of the principled position of NAM and thus NAM has extended its full support at such efforts.