The African Union has set out an ambitious program aimed at delivering a conflict free continent in the next six year in the year 2020, and with the help of the Non-Aligned Movement and the international community continues to accelerate actions to achieve the goals.
This plan isin keeping with its vision and determination to build “an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven and managed by its citizens, and representing a dynamic force in the international arena”, as emphasized in the 50thAnniversary Solemn Declaration of the Organization of African Unity/African Union. In order to realise this vision and objective, the African Union further adopted the historic Agenda 2063 and its First 10-Year Implementation Plan (2014-2023) that collectively outline a set of aspirations, goals, priority areas, milestones and targets to address priority issues and concerns for the realization of this target to ‘silence the guns’ in Africa by 2020.
African Union has expressed its determination to achieve the goal of a conflict-free Africa through the framework of African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), which is now a key pillar of the AU’s visionary “Agenda 2063”. The African Union has established its own thematic priorities and has developed two APSA roadmaps to reach the stated objectives.
The Non-Aligned Movement, which comprises of most of the Member States of the African Union, has extended its full support to the organisation’s plan for a conflict free continent where guns are forever silenced. This is in accordance with NAM’s principled position regarding peacekeeping which stresses that the establishment of any peacekeeping operation, or the extension of the mandate of existing ones, should strictly observe the purposes and principles of the Charter and those principles that have evolved to govern such operations and have become basic principles thereof — that is, the consent of the parties, the non-use of force except in self-defence, and impartiality. Since the inception of the Non-Aligned Movement, its leaders have held utmost respect for the principles of the sovereign equality, political independence and territorial integrity of all States, and non-intervention in matters that are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of States’ as the core principles of the Movement.
In accordance with these principles, NAM supports the continuing efforts to strengthen African peacekeeping capabilities and emphasizes the importance of implementing the Ten-Year Capacity-Building Programme for the African Union and the joint action plan for United Nations support to the African Union in peacekeeping in the short, medium and long terms and in all relevant areas. NAM has also recommended enhancing the effective partnership between the United Nations and the African Union in order to improve the planning, deployment and management of African peacekeeping operation.
In order to achieve the objective of maintaining international peace, Non-Aligned Movement has always offered its full cooperation with regional organizations such African Union, in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations.
NAM has been very strong and consistent in its calls to the international community to uphold and defend the principles of the UN Charter and international law as well as the means envisaged in the UN Charter for the pacific settlement of dispute and non-resort to the threat or use of force. NAM staunchly believes purposes and principles of the UN Charter and the principles of international law are essential in preserving and promoting peace and security, the rule of law, economic development and social progress, and human rights for all.
In keeping with these principles, NAM has always commended the African Union, and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) efforts for their indispensable roles and contributions to peace and security in various parts of Africa. The Movement encourage the political process as a priority while emphasizing the need to focus on development assistance in regions affected by war, since it believes that peace and development are mutually reinforcing phenomenon. The Movement supports AU’s conflict free Africa Plan and strives for strengthening peace and security cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union, in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations.