NAM’ support for International Law for Combating terrorism

International law provides the framework within which national counter-terrorism activities take place and which allows States to cooperate with each other effectively in preventing and combating terrorism. This framework includes instruments addressing specific aspects of counter-terrorism alongside other international instruments designed for inter- national cooperation in criminal law, the protection of human rights or refugees or the establishment of the laws of war which provide the broader context within which counter- terrorism activities take place. UN Security Council Resolution 1456 (2003) clearly states that States must ensure that any measure taken to combat terrorism comply with all their obligations under international law, and should adopt such measures in accordance with international law, in particular international human rights, refugee, and humanitarian law. The Non-Aligned Movement as a major international organization has time and again shown its commitment to these principles and its Member States have adopted such principles in their legal and structural mechanisms to fight counter-terrorism.
The Non-Aligned Movement unequivocally condemns, as criminal, and rejects terrorism in all its forms and manifestation s, as well as all acts, methods and practices of terrorism wherever, by whomever, against whomsoever committed, including those in which States are directly or indirectly involved, which are unjustifiable whatever the considerations or factors that may be invoked to justify them, and in this context, NAM members have reaffirmed their support for the provisions contained in General Assembly resolution 46/51 of 9 December 1991 and other relevant United Nations resolutions. The Non -Aligned Movement has reaffirmed that terrorist acts constitute a flagrant violation of international law, including international humanitarian and human rights law, in particular the right to life, leading to the lack of the full enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms of peoples. Such acts endanger the territorial integrity and stability of States as well as national, regional and international security, destabilize legitimately constituted governments or the prevailing constitutional order and political unity of States, affect the stability of nations and the very basis of societies, create adverse consequences on the economic and social development and cause the destruction of the physical and economic infrastructure of State.
The Movement has also called upon all States to respect all human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, and to reaffirm their commitment in this respect to prevent human rights violations in consistency with the rule of law and their obligation under international law, in particular international human rights law, international refugee law and international humanitarian law, and in accordance with relevant General Assembly resolutions. The Movement has also called upon the Security Council sanction committees to
Furthers streamline their listing and delisting procedures to address the concerns of due process and transparency
Representatives for the Non-Aligned Movement speaking at the 69th session of the UN General Assembly in October 2014 remarked that priority and greater support should be accorded to implementing the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in an integrated manner, and relevant Security Council resolutions. At the meeting, Enry Suarez, (Venezuela), associating himself with the Non-Aligned Movement and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, recalled the recent Community summit meeting during which members reaffirmed that extradition was an essential tool in the fight against terrorism. Calling attention to some States engaging in illegal practices that violated international law, he also said that the unilateral drafting of a list of countries that were allegedly linked to terrorism should be put to an end. NAM has emphasised strongly that States that had not done so to consider ratifying or acceding to the thirteen international instruments relating to combating terrorism, and called upon all States to observe and implement the provisions of all international, regional and bilateral instruments on the matter. India, as a prominent NAM member has already ratified most of these and has also contributed to strengthening of international anti-terror cooperation in bilateral and multilateral forums adhering to the principles of international law as enshrined in UN Charter. The Non-Aligned Movement has reaffirmed the United Nations Global Counter Terrorism Strategy as well as the Member States’ primary responsibility to implement it and welcomes the Strategy’s reviews, and calls for its transparent and comprehensive implementation. At the Algiers Ministerial Summit in 2014, NAM called upon all Member States to Observe and implement the provisions of all international conventions as well as regional and bilateral instruments relating to terrorism to which their countries are party, taking into account the recommendations of the Final Document of the UN Conference on the Prevention of Crime and Criminal Justice held in Cairo, Egypt in 1995 and the International Conference on Combating Terrorism held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in 2005.

Leave a Reply