Disarmament and elimination of nuclear weapons and Weapons of Mass Destruction has one of the cornerstone objectives on the Non-Aligned Movement since its inception. NAM has also stressed on the need for regional cooperation to advance common disarmament priorities and address global security challenges. NAM Member States highlighted stressed on this aspect at the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security) meeting in the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly held on 24 October 2017.
Egypt stressed on the implementation of the proposal presented by the Non‑Aligned Movement at the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non‑Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and stressed the need for regional cooperation for creating a clear road map aimed at starting negotiations to conclude a legally binding treaty establishing a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons.
Bangladesh stressed that peaceful dialogue and diplomacy remained the best option for building sound regional security architecture and emphasized the need for establishing a nuclear‑weapon‑free zone in the Middle East in the interest of sustainable peace and stability in the region. Recognizing the useful role of the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific in convening relevant experts and policymakers to share views on issues of concern, Bangladesh said that the country benefited greatly from the centre’s customized support in promoting the implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.
Cuba stressed the importance of regional and sub-regional initiatives in proclaiming zones free of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction and mentioned that the proclamation of Latin America and the Caribbean as a zone of peace promoted general and complete disarmament and enabled confidence‑building in the region. Cuba also mentioned the importance of establishing a nuclear‑weapon‑free zone in the Middle East as a fundamental step for regional peace. Cuba also recognised the valuable work of the United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament.
Algeria stressed the country’s emphasis on regional solidarity on security issues and its correspondingly deep concern at the lack of a nuclear‑weapons‑free zone in the Middle East and underlined the importance of technical and financial assistance to stem the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Algeria stressed on the need for strengthening of security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region.
United Arab Emirates supported international efforts to end Iranian activities that undermined security and stability in the region. It also supported the First Committee’s efforts geared towards adopting effective measures that would contribute to the promotion of regional and international peace.
Peru highlighted the varied efforts of the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean and how Member States benefited from technical and legal assistance, and from training in marking, destruction and tracing of small weapons as part of an initiative to promote the implementation of the International Tracing Instrument and the Programme of Action on Small Arm.
Nepal highlighted the important role of regional centres in promoting international peace and security, and encouraged them to partner with youth, the private sector and civil society to develop confidence‑building measures and to act as a repository of best practices and said that they should also be strengthened to fulfil their mandates. Nepal mentioned that in partnership with the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific, the country had encouraged confidence‑building measures in the region and had also organized a conference on the implementation of resolution 1540 (2004). The Movement has thus stressed on regional cooperation and in this context, the important role played by the UN Regional Centres on Disarmament which engage in cooperation regional and sub-regional organisations on disarmament-related issues.