In a world where an approximate 244 million people at present live outside their nation of origin, having moved for multiplicity of reasons amongst which apart from others the search for safety-security and the search for prospect are inextricably intertwined. Despite the fact that for some ‘migration’ is an empowering and affirmative experience, for many it has become a harrowing experience. It is increasingly apparent that a deficiency of human rights-based systems of migration governance at the international, provincial and national level is not only creating a situation of human-rights emergency for migrants at borders but also in the terrain of countries of transit and destination.
Migrants, especially those in crooked predicaments, have a tendency to live and toil in the shadows, mostly frightened to protest or complain, are usually denied rights and freedoms, and are disproportionately treated becoming susceptible to discrimination, exploitation and marginalization.
Human rights violations against migrants are numerous which include denying of access to one’s fundamental rights such as the ‘right to education’ or the ‘right to health’. Even when authorized to access are crammed up with discriminatory laws and practice, and deep-rooted attitudes of bias and xenophobia against migrants.
NAM vehemently advocates and works for the uprooting of such practices, while promoting, protecting and intending to provide every basic human rights to all migrants, disregarding their position or situation, however, with a particular focus on those (including women, men and children) who are most marginalized and are at peril of human rights violations.
NAM further reiterates, calling on its member countries and the global community to work hand-in-hand towards bringing about an environment of effectual respect for the human dignity and welfare of migrants, along with global laws and full conformity with pertinent international instruments. It expresses its concern over the materialization of inflexible and harsh immigration policies in several developed countries, which cruelly limit the free movement of people breeding unhealthy xenophobia. NAM also expresses profound concern over recent immigration rules and ordinances explicated lately by some developed countries, which it feels could lead to colossal deportations of immigrants from Non-Aligned Countries and other developing countries violating their fundamental human rights. “We call upon those developed countries to take fully into account the social and economic effects those deportations would have on the affected developing countries, particularly those facing high debt burdens and high unemployment situations,” stated NAM in its recent gathering discussing migration and its issues worldwide. They persuade and encourage all countries to not only consider but think in the direction of becoming a part of the Convention on the ‘Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers’.
Further talking on the broad area of human rights it reaffirms that all human rights are universal, undividable, mutually dependent and interconnected and that the global society must handle human rights worldwide in a reasonable and equitable manner. Treating each on the same footing, with the same importance, and respecting the significance of national and local particularities along with unprejudiced behaviour towards various historical, cultural and religious backgrounds. It is the duty of the States, despite of their political, economic and cultural systems, to uphold and guard all human rights and fundamental freedoms of everyone, in accord with the Charter of the United Nations, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Declaration of the Right to Development and other international human rights instruments. Moreover, it continues to work en route for the amendment and the systematic adaptation of human rights machinery to present and upcoming needs with the view of promoting and protecting human rights. It also reaffirms that social equality, development and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to development, are interdependent and mutually reinforcing. Thereby, encouraging its member states to chalk out a coordinated outline to adopt and implement all viewing to bring about a better change for all its populace.