Agenda 2063 is a long tern vision as well as an action plan which reflects the aspirations for a prosperous Africa based on inclusive growth and sustainable development. The Agenda was envisaged in 2013 to provide a vision and strategic framework for achieving African development over the next 50 years. At the 24th African Union (AU) Summit held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, leaders of the African continent declared their resolve to follow through on their ‘Agenda 2063’ vision “emphasizing the importance to success of rekindling the passion for Pan-Africanism, a sense of unity, self-reliance, integration and solidarity that was a highlight of the triumphs of the 20th century Rooted in the ideals of pan-Africanism, Agenda 2063 thus strives for an integrated continent, politically united and provides for a vision of Africa’s Renaissance.
A set of 18 goals has been identified based on the seven African aspirations, the AU Vision and solemn declaration. The goals also take cognizance of the goals and priority areas contained in post 2015 Africa MDG position and the post 2015 UN High Panel report. The strategies in general reflect those contained in member states/regional plans, continental frameworks, UNECA / AU Economic Reports on Africa, the 2014 Africa Transformation Report and Africa Vision 2050 for the priority area.
The Seven African Aspirations stated in the Agenda 2063 Draft Document are: 1) A prosperous Africa, based on inclusive growth and development; 2) An integrated continent politically united and based on the ideals of Pan-Africanism; 3) An Africa of good governance, democracy, respect for human rights, justice and the rule of law; 4) A peaceful and secure Africa; 5) Africa with a strong cultural identity values and ethics; 6) An Africa whose development is people driven, especially relying on the potential of youth and women; and 7) Africa as a strong and influential global player and partner.
The Agenda aspires for the following objectives for all round sustainable development to be achieved by 2063: African people have a high standard of living, and quality of life, sound health and well-being; Well educated citizens and skills revolution underpinned by science, technology and innovation for a knowledge society would be achieved; Cities and other settlements are hubs of cultural and economic activities, with modernized infrastructure, and people have access to all the basic necessities of life including shelter, water, sanitation, energy, public transport and Information and Communication Technology (ICT); African Economies are structurally transformed to create shared growth, decent jobs and economic opportunities for all; Modern agriculture for increased production, productivity and value addition contribute to farmer and national prosperity and Africa’s collective food security; and the environment and ecosystems are healthy and preserved, and with climate resilient economies and communities.
To attain the aspirations and objectives, the African countries have devised indicative strategies to target the priority areas. These indicative strategies entail increasing income, providing social security, eliminating poverty and hunger, achieving literacy and skill development, ensuring proper nutrition as accepted by international standards, modernization of human settlements, inclusive economic growth, job creation through accelerated manufacturing, increasing agricultural production and productivity, water security, conservation of biodiversity, making use of renewable energy as the main source of power, and ensuring that transitional institutions and frameworks for the United States of Africa are in place.
Non-Aligned Movement has always given primacy to the on-going political and economic issues of the African continent as the objectives of objectives of the NAM and African Union have much in common. As the is planned to be a forum for the promotion of regional integration and African unity through socio-economic integration, continental research on all fields including science and technology and the development of common positions on issues of common interest, it reflects one of the most successful examples of achieving development through South-South cooperation as envisaged by NAM.
It is in accordance with these principles that at the 17th Summit of NAM held in September 2016, NAM Member states expressed their support for effective implementation of the Agenda 2063 initiative in order to promote peace, stability and socio-economic development in Africa.