The Non-Aligned Movement has stood for total and verifiable nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction through multilateral diplomatic negotiations. At the 286th and the 287th meeting of the UN Disarmament Commission, Indonesia speaking on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement remarked that only through total elimination of nuclear weapons that the threat they posed could be abolished. He warned that, without working towards that goal, scepticism would continue among the non-nuclear-weapon States. Ali, the representative of Malaysia, associating himself with the statement made by the representative of Indonesia on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, said that achieving nuclear disarmament was the priority of the international community.
That fact should shape the paper of the Commission’s working group, and the Commission should be among the disarmament forums to lay out a road to reach consensus at the 2010 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) Review Conference. Nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation were two sides of the same coin.
Belarus supporting the statement of Indonesia on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, said that nuclear disarmament should remain the highest priority of the international community and that concrete steps towards that goal were urgently needed. As a State party to NPT that voluntarily renounced an opportunity to continue to possess nuclear weapons before joining, his country believed it was important to maintain the integrity of the Treaty by keeping a balance between the obligations of all States.
The member states of the Non-Aligned group believe that further failures in the area of disarmament would severely harm the internationally regulatory regime. To avoid that, deep changes in attitude needed to be effected that would promote the rule of law and resuscitate the multilateral framework. Stricter respect for the first special session of the General Assembly was important, in that light.
India, one of the founder countries of the Non-Aligned world joined the Non-Aligned Movement in reaffirming that achieving nuclear disarmament continued to be the highest priority of the international community, as underlined in the final document of the tenth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament. The International Court of Justice, in its landmark advisory opinion of 1996, pointed out that there existed an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion, negotiations leading to a nuclear disarmament under strict and effective international control.
‘The Millennium Declaration also underlined the need to strive for the elimination of weapons of mass destruction, in particular nuclear weapons, while successive Non-Aligned Movement summits had underlined the importance of nuclear disarmament.
The Disarmament Commission needed to send a strong signal of the international community’s resolve to initiate concrete steps towards achieving the objective of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear. Member States should use the forum to intensify dialogue, so as to build consensus that strengthened the ability of the international community to initiate concrete steps towards achieving the goal of nuclear disarmament.
such consensus should be based on certain elements, including reaffirmation of the unequivocal commitment of all nuclear-weapon States to the goal of complete elimination of nuclear weapons, reduction of the salience of nuclear weapons in security doctrines and, taking into account the global reach and menace of nuclear weapons, adoption of measures by nuclear-weapon States to reduce nuclear danger, including the risks of accidental nuclear war, by de-alerting nuclear weapons to prevent their unintentional use.
Other important elements were the negotiation of a convention on the complete prohibition of the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, negotiation of a global agreement among nuclear-weapon States on “no first use” of nuclear weapons and negotiation of a nuclear-weapon convention prohibiting the development, production, stockpiling and use of nuclear weapons and on their destruction, which should lead to global, non-discriminatory and verifiable elimination of nuclear weapons with a specified time frame. NAM believes that the implementation of appropriate types of confidence-building measures in specified regions should take into account the specific political, military and other conditions prevailing in that region. Such arrangements needed to be freely agreed upon by the States of the region concerned, taking into account specific conditions and characteristics of that region. A step-by-step approach should be adopted.
NAM calls for avoiding the use or the threat to use nuclear weapons by States or individuals would be their complete elimination and prohibition, under strict international control and strives to maintain and strengthen the credibility of the non-proliferation regime without politicization, selectivity or double standards.