Sudan has suffered one of the worst forms of human conflicts in human history. Years of armed conflict had a devastating effect on the human rights situation, the economy, as well as the overall institutional and social structure of the region. A Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005, led to the independence of South Sudan in 2011. However, violent conflict still persisted, and as such the regions of Sudan and South Sudan, especially in the Darfur regions challenge pressing problems of Post- Conflict reconstruction for the international community.
The Non-Aligned Movement has reaffirmed their support for the efforts to achieve peace, stability and development in Sudan. NAM has commended the African Union (AU), the Inter-Governmental Authority of Development (IGAD) and the Friends of IGAD for their indispensable role and efforts, which had culminated in the achievement of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement in January 2005 in the Sudan, hence ending one of the longest running wars in the African continent and thereby contributing to regional peace, and has called on donors to fulfil their commitments made in Oslo in 2005 and 2008 to help implement that agreement The Movement has welcomed the signing on 5 May 2006 of the Darfur Peace Agreement in Abuja, Nigeria as a historic step towards lasting peace in Darfur, and further commended the AU for its leading role and efforts in sustaining peace and stability in the Darfur region. NAM has encouraged political the political process as a priority and emphasized the need to focus on developmental assistance in Darfur as peace and development are mutually reinforced. NAM has expressed resolve to support the Sudan as well as the AU and IGAD in their efforts to sustain and reinforce peace in that country, and called on the international community to do likewise.
NAM Member States have played an active role towards promoting peace in the Darfur region, In this context, it is imperative to mention the role of the Doha Peace Process on Darfur, in which Qatar has played a proactive role. The Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD), is the culmination of two and half years of negotiations, dialogue and consultations with the major parties to the Darfur conflict, all relevant stakeholders and international partners. The African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) lent technical expertise to the process and continues to support the dissemination of the Document as well as to urge non-signatory movements to sign up to the DDPD.
The DDPD addresses the root causes of the conflict and its consequences, including Power Sharing, Wealth Sharing, Human Rights, Justice and Reconciliation, Compensation and Return, and Internal Dialogue among others. The DDPD has been successful in reducing the magnitude of the conflict as all concerned parties considered the document as being comprehensive and inclusive. It has further recognized legitimate rights and put an end to the war. DDPD has recognized legitimate rights and put an end to the war. It has aptly addressed the humanitarian and marginalization issues, in addition to other national issues. Thus, it has become the terms of reference and the framework for laying down the foundations of sustainable peace in Sudan. Chairman of Darfur Regional Authority (DRA), Tijani Sese, has appreciated Qatar for fulfilling its promises in the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) in terms of achieving security and stability in the region.
Non- Aligned Movement has recognised and commended the efforts made by Qatar towards the effective realization of the objectives of the DDPD. At the 17th Summit of the Non Aligned Movement (NAM), cu in Isla Margarita in Venezuela, Member States welcomed the signing of Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) under the auspices of the government of Qatar. NAM underlined that DDPD represented a solid and a comprehensive foundation for just and peaceful settlement that will lead to peace and security in Darfur, has praised the steps taken to implement the agreement. It is NAM’s conviction that no action should be taken that could jeopardize the delicate nature of the process underway in the Sudan. NAM encourages the political process as a priority and emphasizes the need to focus on developmental assistance for a need for a lasting peace solution of the Sudan conflict.
By Dr. Ankit Srivastava, Editor