Non-Aligned Movement adopted its principled position on UN peacekeeping operations at its 12th Summit held in Durban, 1995. At the Durban Summit, NAM Member States appreciated the role of the UN Special Committee on Peacekeeping and stated that it was the major competent forum which had the mandate to thoroughly review peacekeeping operations in all its aspect. These principles have been reiterated at successive NAM Summits and Ministerial Meetings.
At the 17th Summit NAM Summit held in Venezuela in 2016, the Movement reaffirmed its following principled position regarding UN peacekeeping operations (UNPKOs). First, UNPKO must be in accordance in Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Second, UNPKOs should have respect for the principles of sovereign equality, political independence, territorial integrity of all States and non-intervention. Third, NAM stresses that implementation of all mandated tasks should be supported by a comprehensive peace process, provision of adequate resources, based on national ownership and the support of the international community. Fourth, UN peacekeeping operation should be provided from the outset with political support, full and optimal human, financial and logistical resources, and clearly defined and achievable mandates and exit strategies. Fifth, UNPKOs should be should be accompanied by a parallel and inclusive peace process that is well planned and carefully designed, supported by the consent and adherence of the parties concerned.
NAM Member States have been actively engaged in UNPKOs in accordance with these principles, and have reiterated these consistently at UN forums. This was manifested recently at the meeting of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations in the UN General Assembly held on February 22, 2017, where a number of NAM Member States shared their experiences and suggested means to enhance the effectiveness of UN peacekeeping missions. Venezuela stated that peacekeeping mandates and expectations must be based on clear analysis of a conflict and a long-term political strategy. Respect for the Charter must guide peacekeeping operations, especially in the use of new technologies, such as unmanned aerial vehicles and new information-gathering techniques. They must not be used in a way that undermined State sovereignty. Host Governments, not peacekeeping operations, had the primary responsibility to protect civilians. Civilian protection must never be used to impose peace or bring about regime changes. Senegal stated that progress of peacekeeping operations, particularly in terms of civilian protection, depended on adapting to an evolving security environment and then mentioned how Senegal, as a current Security Council Member was taking steps to boost cooperation in intelligence to make the peacekeeping missions more effective.
Chile expressed concerns at the shortcomings in communication among the Security Council, the Secretariat, troop- and police-contributing countries and donor States, particularly in terms of mission development, deployment and operations. Chile also called for incorporating more women in peacekeeping, including in decision-making and lead roles in peacekeeping operations. Similar views were also echoed by Jamaica whose representative associating itself the Non-Aligned Movement called for boosting the participation of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, peacekeeping, peace building and in all efforts to promote international peace and security.
NAM Member State also shared their active role in peacekeeping missions. Endorsing the statement by the Non-Aligned Movement, Bangladesh said that it was committed to bringing an infantry battalion, signal company and formed police unit to the rapid deployment level in 2017. It was deploying a formed police unit in the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and had taken steps to equip police with the requisite pre-deployment training. It had incorporated a comprehensive civilian protection mandate into its peacekeeping training curricula and it equipped contingents with new technology to meet current and emerging requirement. Nepal, associating itself with the Non-Aligned Movement said that it was the sixth largest police and troop contributor, with 5,022 male and 173 female troops in 15 of the Organization’s 16 peacekeeping operations. Non-Aligned Movement has attached a great significance to UN Peacekeeping operations. Representing almost two third of UN membership. NAM Member States contribute four of five United Nations peacekeepers, and has thus played an active role in improving the capacity of the UN to respond to conflcits.