The international rule of law is often seen as a centrepiece of the modern international order. It is routinely reaffirmed by governments, international organizations, scholars, and activists, who credit it with reducing the recourse to war, preserving human rights, and constraining the pursuit of state self-interests. It is commonly seen as supplanting coercion and power politics with a framework of mutual interests that is cemented by state consent.
Non-Aligned Movement has stressed the need to elaborate the rule of law concept through for inclusive and transparent intergovernmental process and reaffirmed that respect for the rule of law is essential to maintain international peace and security as well as achieving socioeconomic development and reiterated that it is indispensable to maintain the balance in developing the national and international dimensions of the rule of law.
The Movement has emphasised that that the rule of law at the international level requires greater attention by the United Nations. The Charter of the United Nations and the principles enshrined therein provide normative guidance as to the basis of the rule of law at the international level. The Movement firmly believes that all United Nations bodies and structures, including the treaty bodies, must strictly comply with their mandates given by their Member States.
It may be mentioned here that among the recent examples of the contribution of the United Nations to the establishment of the rule of law in international relations is the United Nations Decade of International Law (1990 -1999). As stated in a General Assembly resolution of 17 November 1999.
The Decade has contributed significantly to the strengthening of the rule of international law This has been achieved by promoting the means and methods for the peaceful settlement of disputes between States; by encouraging the progressive development of international law and its codification; and by encouraging the teaching, study, dissemination and wider appreciation of international laws. NAM Member States were active participants in this UN initiative. NAM has recognized the serious danger and threats posed by the actions and measures which seek to undermine international law and international legal instruments, as well as consistent with and guided by the Movement’s principled positions.
The Movement is committed to identify and pursue measures that may contribute towards achieving a peaceful and prosperous world as well as a just and equitable world order based on the UN Charter and international law.
In this context, recent NAM declaration have urged for a conduct of the external relations based on the ideals, principles and purposes of the Movement, the UN Charter and international law, as well as the “Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the UN”, the “Declaration on the Strengthening of International Security”, and the “Declaration on the Enhancement of Effectiveness of the Principles of Refraining from the Threat or Use of Force in International Relations”.
NAM endeavours to generate further progress to achieve full respect for international law and, in this regard, commend the role of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in promoting the peaceful settlement of international disputes, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the UN Charter and the Statute of the ICJ, in particulars articles 33 and 94 of the Charter.
In order to achieve the objective of rule of law in international order, the movement has initiated multifarious vigorous transparent and inclusive initiatives to achieve the realization of multilateral cooperation in the areas of economic development and social progress, peace and security, and human rights for all through enhancing the Movement’s unity, solidarity and cohesiveness on issues of collective concern and interests with the aim of shaping the multilateral agenda to embrace development as a fundamental priority, which should take into account the need for the developing and developed countries, and international institutions to intensify partnerships and coordinate their efforts and resources to effectively address all imbalances in the global agenda.