NAM for Climate Change

The inception of the Non-Aligned movement came to ensure independence and protection from the two opposing Cold War powers. This concept of ‘non-alignment’ was first introduced by the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1954 as part of his five principles of restraint, which formed the basic tenets of India’s foreign policy. Nehru’s principles gathered momentum for the role of the ‘Third World’ in the Cold War era and strengthened cooperation towards peace, development and decolonization and gained pace, as the Non-Aligned movement began. One of NAM’s role was bringing together countries; it started with a membership of 25 countries and as of now more than 118 countries are a part of NAM. It represents two third of the membership of the United Nations and is approximately more than 55 percent of the world’s population.
NAM has been the most significant representation of the developing world, in this day and age another pressing issue has taken centre stage, Climate change. It is one the most significant problems the world is facing and which will go out of hand if it goes unchecked. Climate change has very important implication across the world for sustainable development. As the voice of the developing world, NAM should speak up, since the member countries are vulnerable to economic instability caused by climate change. Some countries, are less developed and are situated in climate-sensitive sectors and due to less resources their ability to adapt is low. The growing industrialization in the west has left behind a huge dent in the earth’s fragile ecosystem. Most of these developing countries are at risk. Therefore the Non-Aligned movement is in need to assert itself now more than ever. To speak up for the developing countries that are plagued with these issues and are fighting the adverse affects of climate change.“Developing countries have a larger stake in devising ways to mitigate and adapt to climate change as they are most vulnerable to its adverse impact. It is here that the Non Aligned Movement should play a more constructive role with regard to Climate change. Cuba’s president Raul Castro, at a NAM summit stated in his opening remarks, We are convinced that a better world is possible and that NAM has an essential role to play in its conquest. We have an invigorated movement that will carry on playing the major role expected of it. The United Nations and NAM have worked together on a lot of issues. At the NAM 50th Anniversary meeting in Bali UN’s Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon called on the Non-Aligned movement to assist in urgent global action, to combat the threat posed by climate change. He added by saying that climate change was one of three fields in which joint action by the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement is essential. The other two were building a safer world, and fighting extreme poverty.“In recent years, many prominent international figures in NAM have called for a greater role of the non aligned movement towards climate change policy. In Tehran in 2008, at a NAM conference, a document was adopted which recognized that climate change posed a serious threat to the developing world and called for urgent action. India, as one of the founder members of NAM has raised the issue of the adverse impact of climate change at many international forums. At the 16th NAM summit, the then Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh spoke about the threat posed by the accumulation of greenhouse gases resulting from over two centuries of industrial activity and unsustainable lifestyles in the developed world. The World Bank made a list of the main five threats arising from the climate change: droughts, floods, storms, rising sea levels, and agricultural products deficit. NAM countries topped the list of the 12 countries at the highest risk. More than ever, the stake of improving the world and saving billions of lives is the call of the hour.
NAM has a big role to play, it must pursue and effective policy to save itself from the instability created by the industrial west and also it should ensure that no country is left behind. As we know, however big the country, it alone cannot achieve the change we hope for, NAM ensures the cooperation between countries and is the perfect vessel of climate change for the developing world, which in turn could bring about more employment, a sustainable future and an economic growth. An environmental policy will be a step forward to achieving the goal that NAM originally envisioned of an equitable world.

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