The principles of Non-Alignment were formulated at Bandung Conference 1955. The world has changed considerably since then. Yet, the principles laid down by the founders of Non-Aligned Movement remain valid. The ideals, goals and vision, articulated then, continue to guide the movement. Since its inception, Non-Aligned Movement has witnessed the break-up of the old international order based on super-power rivalry and colonial domination. Non-Aligned Movement, as the voice of the majority of nations, has to play a central role in regulating the advance of humanity. The movement is emerging as the power of the new millennium striving to be open, democratic and forward looking.
Changing times have thrown up new challenges for Non-Aligned Movement. These challenges call for solutions. Non-Aligned Movement is aware of threats facing mankind – transnational crime, terrorism, violation of human rights and environmental degradation. These threats need to be overcome. Non-Aligned Movement affords its members a forum where they can discuss their common problems, evolve solutions and work out strategies in trying to tackle international problems of peace, security, development, terrorism, human rights and environmental safety. These are problems which extend beyond national borders and require an international approach for solutions. But certain problems are mounting by the day affecting every other phase and parts of the global life without attracting much threatening attention, while it should.
The rapid urbanization associated with the population explosion and industrialization has created an imbalance in the ecology. Also, proportion of urban population has increased faster in many developing countries than their average rate of population growth. Much of this population growth represents a shift of population from rural to urban. When the population is large, it requires better infrastructure, along with sanitation, transport, housing conditions and other facilities. In addition, the population growth also leads to negative impacts on the environment such as increasing waste water, household waste, and other industrial wastes due to human has increased their activities of industrial production.
Growing advances in technology with each coming year has affected humanity in many ways. One of these has been the ability to save lives and create better medical treatment for all.
A direct result of this has been increased lifespan and the growth of the population. In the past fifty or so years, the growth of population has boomed and has turned into overpopulation. In the history of our species, the birth and death rate have always been able to balance each and maintain a population growth rate that is sustainable.
The effects of overpopulation are quite severe. The first of these is the depletion of resources, degradation of environment, conflicts and wars, high cost of living.
NAM suggests several measures and has over and again reiterated the same to its member states:
• Better Education: One of the first measures is to implement policies reflecting social change. Educating the masses helps them understand the need to have one or two children at the most. Open dialogue on abortion and voluntary sterilization should be seen when talking about overpopulation.
• Making People Aware of Family Planning: As population of this world is growing at a rapid pace, raising awareness among people regarding family planning and letting them know about serious after effects of overpopulation can help curb population growth.
• Tax Benefits or Concessions: Government of various countries might have to come with various policies related to tax exemptions to curb overpopulation.
• Knowledge of Sex Education: Imparting sex education to young kids at elementary level should be must. Most parents feel shy in discussing such things with their kids which result in their children going out and look out for such information on internet or discuss it with their peers. Mostly, the information is incomplete which results in sexually active teenagers unaware of contraceptives and embarrassed to seek information about same.