The foreign ministers of all individual countries which constitute the Non-Aligned Nations met on Cartagena , Colombia from 8th to 9th April 2000. The summit was not only a regular meeting but was also marked as important due to fact that all members were reviewed in regards to various implementations passed during the Durban summit of 1998. Dominican Republic was also welcomed as a member state , the country was previously declared as a member during the 54th session of the United Nations General Assembly held in New York , 23rd November 1999 . The conference marks an important turning point in NAM history as the heads of various states saw this conference as a platform to discuss the new challenges and opportunities facing the members from the beginning of the twentieth century .
One major agenda of the conference was in reference to nuclear power and Military budgets. Though the specter of a nuclear holocaust seems more remote than in the past it poses itself as a major problem as now almost every country in the world is stockpiling nuclear weapons, the ones that are left in this arms race behind thus stand the risk of being unarmed thus this logic has proliferated the production and supply of nuclear weapons. The Durban summit was applauded for its decision of cutting military budget and diverting military expenditure to other social and economic developmental resources. Apart from the threat posed by such technologies the world faces various battles on grounds against forces of hegemonic domination, ethnic strife, religious intolerance, xenophobia and narrowly conceived nationalistic ideals . These problems like others pose themselves as major and dangerous obstacles to harmonious coexistence among nations and its people.
The legacies of the Cold War , foreign occupation, military bases in allied countries, interference in internal affairs, the use of threat and sanctions inconsistent with international law still pose themselves as obstacles in the establishment of fair and equitable international relations. The leaders of the member nations expressed a strong desire towards the need to consolidate effort towards the removal of such legacies. Liberalization as it has been portrayed throughout the world is characterized by rapid growth of trade, finance, information and technology which has led to increased interdependence among countries. All countries interact with the global economy through a variety of infrastructural resources which has allowed different level of development in various countries. This fact is evident in the case of members of the Non-Aligned Movement particularly African nations which continue to be marginalized. Most of these nations continue to confront basic problem of accessibility to markets, capital and technology and many grapple with institutional problems which need to be resolved on a more basic level for their integration into the world economy.
The summit once again strengthened the members commitment to respect scrupulously the principles and objectives of non-alignment as the movement positions itself in front of the united nations and the world . The summit concluded with the leaders expressing desire to further strengthen the non-aligned movement’s capacity for action and to develop its resources to enhance the influence and impact on world affairs. The leaders also condemned aggression, terrorism, use of force to silence dissenting opinions, unfair economic practices and xenophobia and affirmed their commitment to take up the challenges to transform international relations in order to achieve a world of peace ,dignity and justice.
The members also reiterated their traditional long-standing solidarity with the Palestinian people who have been uprooted from their homeland from 1967. The members called for the implementation of all United –Nations resolutions on the question of the displacement of Palestinian refugees. Affirmation and solidarity with the Syrian demand to restore the occupied Syrian Golan on the basis of the Madrid peace process. The members demanded that Israel respect all commitments and pledges and resume peace talks from where they stopped .Israeli aggression against Lebanon and detainment of Lebanese nationals was also condemned, the members in view of the urgency of the situation requested all members to increase pressure and use all measures to ensure Israel’s compliance with the terms and conditions of the Madrid Conference, failure from the Israeli government to repond positively to these conditions would require members to take further appropriate measures.