The Post-2015 Development Agenda refers to a process led by the United Nations (UN) that aims to help define the future global development framework that will succeed the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a set of eight global development targets which come to an end in 2015. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which were 8 in all, covered all dimensions of poverty: income, employment and food security, education, gender equality, health, environment, trade and development assistance and occupied a prominent place in the development agenda of the Global South, encompassing nearly all the members of the Non Aligned Movement. As such, NAM has strived for the effective implementation of MDGs in its many dimensions— eliminating income poverty, hunger, disease, lack of adequate shelter and exclusion—while promoting gender equality, education, and environmental sustainability.
Now with the focus shifting to Post 2015 objectives, Non Aligned Movement has once again emphasized the importance of the post 2015 Development Agenda and has stressed that the underlined objectives must be achieved through transparent and inclusive intergovernmental negotiations under the United Nations.
The Final Document of the 17th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement held in Venezuela in 2016 stated that the post-2015 Development Agenda must meaningfully broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries while addressing issues of reform of the institutions of global economic governance in order to strengthen the voice of developing countries.
The Heads of State or Government further underlined the importance of providing means of implementation including financial resources, capacity building and technology transfer for the Post-2015 Development Agenda. NAM has welcomed the emphasis on the means of implementation, including streamlining the means of implementation across all Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and a dedicated goal on means of implementation in the Report of the Open Working Group in Sustainable Development Goals. NAM has also underscored the importance to strengthen the global partnership for development consistent with MDG-8 to complete unfinished MDG goals and to enhance this global partnership for the post 2015 development agenda and highlighted the need to dedicate greater attention to the transition from MDGs to SDGs and to the integration of SDGs in the post-2015 development agenda.
NAM Member States have undertaken a series of initiatives towards the implementation of the Post -2015 Development Goals.
A prominent example of this is the Common African Position (CAP) on the Post 2015 development agenda. CAP states that Africa’s development priorities are grouped into six pillars: (i) structural economic transformation and inclusive growth; (ii) science, technology and innovation; (iii) people-centred development; (iv) environmental sustainability natural resources management, and disaster risk management; (v) peace and security; and (vi) finance and partnership.
NAM Member States in Latin America and Caribbean have also successfully embarked on a transition from MDG to Post-2015 development goals. Their success is particularly evident in the education progress. During the 2000-2015 cycle, Latin America and the Caribbean witnessed the most significant educational progress of all the regions of the world. Not only did they improve literacy rates and increase access to and completion of primary and secondary education, but they also experienced a general improvement in learning outcomes and a noteworthy expansion in coverage at the higher education level.
Latin American countries have also made great strides in gender equality. In this context, a mention must be made of successful participation of Carribean and Latin American States in the “16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence Campaign” held from 25 November, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, to 10 December, Human Rights Day.
In Asia, India, building on its commitment to the MDGs, has devised an inclusive broad-based consultations on the post-2015 development agenda. As the world’s largest democracy and with one of the most world’s most progressive legislative frameworks, India is committed to achieving rapid, inclusive and sustainable national growth through its and continues to regard human rights as the foundation for global governance and engagement.