Protection of human rights while adhering to a multilateral framework has been a long-standing objective of the Non-Aligned Movement. NAM has reiterated its commitment to support the efforts of the United Nations and its mechanism in upholding and protecting human rights.
NAM has affirmed the importance it attaches to the promotion and protection of human rights and commitment to fulfil obligations to promote universal respect for, and observance and protection of all universally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, in accordance with the UN Charter, other core International Human Rights instruments, as appropriate, and international law.
NAM has also reaffirmed that all human rights, including the right to development, are universal, inalienable, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated, and that human rights issues must be addressed within the global context through a constructive, non-confrontational, non-politicized and non-selective dialogue-based approach, in affair and equal manner, with objectivity, respect for national sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-interference in the internal affairs of States, impartiality, on-selectivity and transparency as the guiding principles, taking into account the political, historical, social, religious and cultural particularities of each country. In this regard, NAM Summits have reiterated the Movement’s dismay and unequivocal condemnation of gross and systematic violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms and situations that constitute serious obstacles to their full enjoyment, as well as violent acts and activities that infringe upon their full enjoyment.
When Michelle Bachelet was appointed as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, NAM welcomed the appointment and reiterated the importance of the Office of the High Commissioner in promoting and protecting the enjoyment and full realization, by all people, of the rights established in the Charter of the United Nations and strictly in line with the mandate upon which it was created, without political bias, while avoiding any kind of politicization of the issue of human rights, as well as any interference in the internal affairs of the Member States of the Movement.
NAM reiterated this position during the 46th session of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC), where Azerbaijan on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement stated the Movement was committed to further strengthen constructive engagement with the UN Member States on both bilateral and multilateral human rights issues, and appreciated the efforts of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in advancing human rights at global level, particularly in the time of global emergency caused by COVID-19. NAM stressed the importance of upholding the universality of and dealing impartially with all human rights, without distinction between countries.
NAM made clear its position that while exercising duties in relation to the UN Member States, the High Commissioner has to bear in mind the existing challenges and national contexts and circumstances of the Member States, to exercise objectivity, independence and impartiality in her actions, avoiding imposing new practices, and to favour constructive dialogue and cooperation, as well as to provide advisory services, technical and financial assistance, upon request of the States concerned, with a view to support their actions and programmes in the field of human rights.
“In line with the General Assembly resolution 48/141, the High Commissioner has to strictly uphold in her activities the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to respect sovereignty, territorial integrity and domestic jurisdiction of States, and to ensure that all human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated”, the NAM statement mentioned.
NAM reaffirmed its position on the need to respect the right of all to choose values and principles appropriate to their people for the protection and promotion of human rights and the rejection of attempts to impose their values and cultures under the pretext of the universality of human rights.
The Movement reaffirmed its commitment to constructively work with the High Commissioner to strengthen the credibility of the human rights mechanisms and to build an international order based on inclusion, mutual understanding and respect for cultural diversity.
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